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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Leaves - raw or cooked[1][2][3]. Used as a potherb[4].

Inner bark - cooked. It can be dried and made into noodles[1][2][3]. The dried inner bark can also be ground into a powder and then used as a thickener in soups or added to cereal flours when making bread etc.

Fruit - raw or cooked[1][2]. Used when immature, it can be made into a sauce and a wine[3]. The fruit is about 10mm in diameter[5].

Fruit

Inner bark

Leaves

Material uses

A coarse cloth is made from the inner bark[6].

A fairly wind resistant tree, it can be grown as part of a shelterbelt planting[5].

Wood - hard, heavy, tough, difficult to split. Used for agricultural implements, boat making etc[6].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The leaves are diuretic and febrifuge[4]. They are used as a pot herb and are then said to be antibilious, antidote and lithontripic[4]. The stem bark is demulcent, diuretic, febrifuge and lenitive[4]. It is mixed with oil and vinegar then used as a poultice on abscesses, mastitis and swellings[4].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Canopy or Secondary canopy

Ecological Functions

Windbreak

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - if sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe, it usually germinates within a few days[5]. Stored seed does not germinate so well and should be sown in early spring[5]. The seed can also be harvested 'green' (when it has fully developed but before it dries on the tree) and sown immediately in a cold frame. It should germinate very quickly and will produce a larger plant by the end of the growing season[7]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Plants should not be allowed to grow for more than two years in a nursery bed since they form a tap root and will then move badly. Layering of suckers or coppiced shoots[5].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Ulmus pumila. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a fertile soil in full sun[8], but is easily grown in any soil of at least moderate quality so long as it is well drained[9]. Succeeds in a hot dry position[5]. Established plants are drought resistant[10][5]. Fairly wind-tolerant[5].

This species, or at least some of its cultivars[5], is resistant to 'Dutch elm disease', a disease that has destroyed the greater part of all the elm trees growing in Britain. The disease is spread by means of beetles. There is no effective cure (1992) for the problem, but most E. Asian, though not Himalayan, species are resistant (though not immune) to the disease so the potential exists to use these resistant species to develop new resistant hybrids with the native species[5].

The various species of this genus hybridize freely with each other and pollen is easily saved, so even those species with different flowering times can be hybridized[5].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Ulmus pumila. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Ulmus pumila.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Ulmus pumila
Genus
Ulmus
Family
Ulmaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
3
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
  • Strong wind
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Ulmus pumila0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Ulmus pumila0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Ulmus pumila0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Ulmus pumila0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Ulmus pumila0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Ulmus pumila0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Ulmus pumila0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Ulmus pumila0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Ulmus pumila0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Ulmus pumila0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Ulmus pumila0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Ulmus pumila0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Ulmus pumila0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Ulmus pumila0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.3 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.3 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.23.3 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.54.6 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
  5. ? 5.005.015.025.035.045.055.065.075.085.095.105.115.125.13 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.2 Vines. R. A. Trees of Central Texas. University of Texas Press ISBN 0-292-78958-3 (1987-00-00)
  7. ? McMillan-Browse. P. Hardy Woody Plants from Seed. Grower Books ISBN 0-901361-21-6 (1985-00-00)
  8. ? Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-00-00)
  9. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.1 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  11. ? Komarov. V. L. Flora of the USSR. Israel Program for Scientific Translation (1968-00-00)

"image:Ulmus pumila0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Ulmus pumila"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyUlmaceae +
Belongs to genusUlmus +
Functions asWindbreak +
Has binomial nameUlmus pumila +
Has common nameSiberian Elm +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has edible partFruit +, Inner bark + and Leaves +
Has edible useUnknown use +
Has environmental toleranceHigh wind + and Drought +
Has fertility typeWind +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has hardiness zone3 +
Has imageUlmus pumila0.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useFibre + and Wood +
Has mature height15 +
Has mature width12 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAntibilious +, Antidote +, Demulcent +, Diuretic +, Febrifuge +, Lenitive +, Lithontripic + and Poultice +
Has primary imageUlmus pumila0.jpg +
Has search nameulmus pumila + and siberian elm +
Has shade toleranceLight shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameUlmus pumila +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Inhabits ecosystem nicheCanopy + and Secondary canopy +
Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
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