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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Inner bark - raw or cooked. It can be dried, ground into a powder and then added to cereal flour for use in making bread etc. A very bitter flavour, it is a famine food that is only used when all else fails[1]. Young shoots - cooked. Not very palatable[1].

Inner bark

Leaves

Material uses

The stems are very flexible and are used in basket making[2]. The plant is usually coppiced annually when grown for basket making, though it is possible to coppice it every two years if thick poles are required as uprights. The dried leaves have a pleasant aromatic aroma and can be used in pot-pourri[3].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The fresh bark of all members of this genus contains salicin[4], which probably decomposes into salicylic acid (closely related to aspirin) in the human body[5]. This is used as an anodyne and febrifuge[4].

The bark of this species is used interchangeably with S. alba. It is taken internally in the treatment of rheumatism, arthritis, gout, inflammatory stages of auto-immune diseases, diarrhoea, dysentery, feverish illnesses, neuralgia and headache[6]. The bark is removed during the summer and dried for later use[6].

The leaves are used internally in the treatment of minor feverish illnesses and colic[6]. The leaves can be harvested throughout the growing season and are used fresh or dried[6].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Canopy or Secondary canopy

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - must be surface sown as soon as it is ripe in late spring. It has a very short viability, perhaps as little as a few days.

Cuttings of mature wood of the current year's growth, November to February in a sheltered outdoor bed or planted straight into their permanent position and given a good weed-suppressing mulch. Very easy. Plant into their permanent positions in the autumn.

Cuttings of half-ripe wood, June to August in a frame. Very easy.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Salix pentandra. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in most soils, including wet, ill-drained or intermittently flooded soils[7][8], but prefers a damp, heavy soil in a sunny position[9]. Rarely thrives on chalk[9].

Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[9]. Although the flowers are produced in catkins early in the year, they are pollinated by bees and other insects rather than by the wind[8]. A very ornamental plant[7]. Best planted into its permanent position when young[8]. The root system is rather aggressive and can cause problems with drains[9]. The dried or bruised leaves have a sweet aromatic fragrance[3]. The scent resembles oil of wintergreen and is due to the presence of salicyl aldehyde[3]. Cultivated for its use in basket making, there are several named varieties[2]. Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[9].

Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Salix pentandra. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Salix pentandra.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Salix pentandra
Genus
Salix
Family
Salicaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
high
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Salix_pentandra_jolster.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Salix_pentandra_jolster.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Salix_pentandra_jolster.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Salix_pentandra_jolster.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Salix_pentandra_jolster.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Salix_pentandra_jolster.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Salix_pentandra_jolster.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Salix_pentandra_jolster.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Salix_pentandra_jolster.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Salix_pentandra_jolster.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Salix_pentandra_jolster.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.2 Schofield. J. J. Discovering Wild Plants - Alaska, W. Canada and the Northwest. ()
    2. ? 2.02.12.2 Warren-Wren. S. C. Willows. David and Charles (1972-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.23.3 Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.2 Lauriault. J. Identification Guide to the Trees of Canada Fitzhenry and Whiteside, Ontario. ISBN 0889025649 (1989-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Weiner. M. A. Earth Medicine, Earth Food. Ballantine Books ISBN 0-449-90589-6 (1980-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.4 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.3 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.19.29.39.49.5 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    10. ? Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)

    "image:Salix_pentandra_jolster.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Salix pentandra"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familySalicaceae +
    Belongs to genusSalix +
    Has binomial nameSalix pentandra +
    Has common nameBay Willow +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partInner bark + and Leaves +
    Has edible useUnknown use +
    Has fertility typeSelf sterile + and Bees +
    Has flowers of typeDioecious +
    Has growth rateVigorous +
    Has hardiness zone5 +
    Has imageSalix pentandra jolster.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useBasketry + and Pot-pourri +
    Has mature height10 +
    Has mature width10 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAnodyne + and Febrifuge +
    Has primary imageSalix_pentandra_jolster.jpg +
    Has search namesalix pentandra + and bay willow +
    Has shade toleranceNo shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid + and Neutral +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy +, Clay + and Heavy clay +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameSalix pentandra +
    Has water requirementshigh +
    Inhabits ecosystem nicheCanopy + and Secondary canopy +
    Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Salix pentandra +, Salix pentandra +, Salix pentandra +, Salix pentandra +, Salix pentandra + and Salix pentandra +