This article has been marked as incomplete and in need of reformatting. Please help us to improve it.

Practical Plants is a community wiki. You can edit this page to improve the quality of the information it contains. To learn how, please read the editing guide.

Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Inner bark - raw or cooked[1][2]. It can be dried, ground into a powder and then added to cereal flour for use in making bread etc. A very bitter flavour, it is a famine food that is only used when all else fails[1].

Young shoots - raw or cooked. They are not very palatable[1]. Rich in vitamin C[2]. Young catkin-bearing shoots - raw or cooked[2].

The growing tips of underground rhizomes are peeled and eaten[2].

Flowers

Inner bark

Leaves

Material uses

The stems are very flexible and are used in basket making[3][4][5][6][7] or for making wattle and daub walls[7]. The plant is usually coppiced annually when grown for basket making, though it is possible to coppice it every two years if thick poles are required as uprights.

Trees are fast growing and tolerate maritime exposure so can be grown as a shelterbelt[8]. Plants have extensive root systems and are often used to stabilize sand dunes[9][10].

Wood - soft, even grained, smooth. Used for construction, pales, tubs etc[11][7].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The fresh bark of all members of this genus contains salicin[12], which probably decomposes into salicylic acid (closely related to aspirin) in the human body[13]. This is used as an anodyne and febrifuge[12].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Canopy or Secondary canopy

Ecological Functions

Windbreak


Earth stabiliser

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - must be surface sown as soon as it is ripe in late spring. It has a very short viability, perhaps as little as a few days.

Cuttings of mature wood of the current year's growth, November to February in a sheltered outdoor bed or planted straight into their permanent position and given a good weed-suppressing mulch. Very easy. Plant into their permanent positions in the autumn.

Cuttings of half-ripe wood, June to August in a frame. Very easy.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Salix daphnoides. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in most soils, including wet, ill-drained or intermittently flooded soils[3], but prefers a deep damp, heavy soil in a sunny position[9][10]. Rarely thrives on chalk[10]. Succeeds in poor strong soils[6]. Succeeds in maritime exposure[8].

The root system is rather aggressive and can cause problems with drains[10]. It is best not to plant this species within 10 metres of buildings. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus. Although the flowers are produced in catkins early in the year, they are pollinated by bees and other insects rather than by the wind[9]. A very ornamental and fast growing plant[3][5]. There are some named varieties. Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[10].

Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Salix daphnoides. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Salix daphnoides.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Salix daphnoides
Genus
Salix
Family
Salicaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
high
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
10 x 8 meters
Fertility
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type











References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.3 Schofield. J. J. Discovering Wild Plants - Alaska, W. Canada and the Northwest. ()
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.4 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.23.3 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.2 Komarov. V. L. Flora of the USSR. Israel Program for Scientific Translation (1968-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.2 Warren-Wren. S. C. Willows. David and Charles (1972-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.3 Gupta. B. L. Forest Flora of Chakrata, Dehra Dun and Saharanpur. Forest Research Institute Press (1945-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.2 Taylor. J. The Milder Garden. Dent (1990-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.29.39.4 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.110.210.310.410.510.6 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.1 Gamble. J. S. A Manual of Indian Timbers. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh (1972-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.112.2 Lauriault. J. Identification Guide to the Trees of Canada Fitzhenry and Whiteside, Ontario. ISBN 0889025649 (1989-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.1 Weiner. M. A. Earth Medicine, Earth Food. Ballantine Books ISBN 0-449-90589-6 (1980-00-00)
  14. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PFAFimport-50

Cite error: <ref> tag with name "PFAFimport-17" defined in <references> is not used in prior text.


Facts about "Salix daphnoides"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familySalicaceae +
Belongs to genusSalix +
Functions asWindbreak + and Earth stabiliser +
Has binomial nameSalix daphnoides +
Has common nameViolet Willow +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partFlowers +, Inner bark +, Leaves + and Root +
Has edible useUnknown use +
Has environmental toleranceMaritime exposure + and High wind +
Has fertility typeSelf sterile + and Bees +
Has flowers of typeDioecious +
Has growth rateVigorous +
Has hardiness zone5 +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useBasketry + and Wood +
Has mature height10 +
Has mature width8 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAnodyne + and Febrifuge +
Has search namesalix daphnoides + and violet willow +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid + and Neutral +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy +, Clay + and Heavy clay +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameSalix daphnoides +
Has water requirementshigh +
Inhabits ecosystem nicheCanopy + and Secondary canopy +
Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates maritime exposureYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Salix daphnoides +, Salix daphnoides +, Salix daphnoides +, Salix daphnoides +, Salix daphnoides +, Salix daphnoides +, Salix daphnoides + and Salix daphnoides +