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Uses

Toxic parts

None known

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw, cooked or dried and used in breads, cakes, pies, puddings etc[1][2]. About the size of a plum, the fruit has an exquisitely rich flavour when it is fully ripe (and almost at the point of going bad) but it is very harsh and astringent before then[2, 3, 171, K]. The fruit may not ripen properly in a cool summer, though if it is frosted it normally develops a very good flavour[K]. The fruit can also be harvested in the autumn, preferably after a frost, and bletted. (This is a process where the fruit is kept in a cool place and only eaten when it is very soft and almost at the point of going rotten). Much of the fruit on trees in a relatively sunny position at Kew after a relatively warm summer in 1996 was still not fully ripe, though it was very nearly so and ripened well off the tree[K]. The fruit can also be dried and used in bread, cakes etc. The fruit is up to 4.5cm in diameter[3]. Molasses can be made from the fruit pulp[2]. An oil obtained from the seeds is said to taste like peanut oil[4]. A tea is made from the dried leaves[5]. It is high in vitamin C and has a pleasant flavour somewhat like sassafras[6][2]. The roasted seed is used as a coffee substitute[7][2].

Unknown part

Fruit

Material uses

Can be used as a rootstock for D. kaki[1]. Wood - strong, hard, heavy, fine-grained, elastic, resistant to wear. A valuable wood, it is used for making wooden ware, turnery etc[1][8][9][10]. It is used especially for making handles for golf clubs[9].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

A decoction of the boiled fruit was used to treat bloody stools[11]. (This probably refers to the unripe fruit, which is very astringent[K]). The leaves are rich in vitamin C and are used as an antiscorbutic[11]. A decoction of the inner-bark is highly astringent[9][4]. It has been used as a mouth rinse in the treatment of thrush and sore throats[11][4]. Used externally as a wash for warts or cancers[4].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Canopy or Secondary canopy

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe[12][3]. Stored seed requires cold-stratification and should be sown as early in the year as possible[13]. It usually germinates in 1 - 6 months at 15°c[14]. Pot up the young seedlings as soon as they are large enough to handle into fairly deep pots and plant them out in early summer. Give the plants some protection from winter cold for their first winter or two outdoors. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame[3]. Layering in spring[3].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Diospyros virginiana. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a good deep loamy soil in sun or light shade[3]. If being grown for its fruit, the tree requires a warm, sunny, sheltered position[K]. It dislikes very acid or wet and poorly drained soils[3]. Plants are somewhat tender when young[15], though dormant mature trees are hardy to about -35°c[16]. The young growth in spring, even on mature plants, is frost-tender and so it is best to grow the plants in a position sheltered from the early morning sun[K]. Dioecious, but the female tree can produce seedless fruits in the absence of a pollinator[17]. It is likely that unfertilized fruits are more astringent than fertilized fruits since this is the case with D. kaki[K]. Trees can start producing fruit when only a few years old, a specimen seen at Kew Botanical gardens in autumn 1996 was only 1.5 metres tall and was bearing a very large crop of fruit[K]. This species is occasionally cultivated for its edible fruit, there are several named varieties[8][2].

    'Dooley' grows well near the northern limits of persimmon culture[2].
    'Geneva Red' also grows well at the northern limits of persimmon culture. The fruit is medium to large[2].
    'Meader' grows well in cooler areas, it is self-fertile[2].

Plants have a long tap root and are difficult to transplant[9][3], it is best to plant them out in their permanent position as soon as possible and to give protection overwinter for the first year or two[K]. The ssp. D. virginiana platycarpa has sweet succulent flesh, it grows wild from Missouri to Arkansas[8].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Diospyros virginiana. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Diospyros virginiana.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Diospyros virginiana
Genus
Diospyros
Family
Ebenaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
4
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Persimmon 0375.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Persimmon 0375.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Persimmon 0375.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Persimmon 0375.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Persimmon 0375.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Persimmon 0375.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Persimmon 0375.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Persimmon 0375.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Persimmon 0375.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Persimmon 0375.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Persimmon 0375.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Persimmon 0375.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.





    "image:Persimmon 0375.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.4 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-01-01)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.42.52.62.72.8 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-01-01)
    3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.43.53.63.73.8 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-01-01)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.5 Foster. S. & Duke. J. A. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Eastern and Central N. America. Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN 0395467225 (1990-01-01)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Kavasch. B. Native Harvests. Vintage Books ISBN 0-394-72811-4 (1979-01-01)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books ISBN 0-553-23827-2 (1983-01-01)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-01-01)
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.3 Sargent. C. S. Manual of the Trees of N. America. Dover Publications Inc. New York. ISBN 0-486-20278-X (1965-01-01)
    9. ? 9.09.19.29.39.49.5 Vines. R. A. Trees of Central Texas. University of Texas Press ISBN 0-292-78958-3 (1987-01-01)
    10. ? 10.010.1 Hill. A. F. Economic Botany. The Maple Press (1952-01-01)
    11. ? 11.011.111.211.3 Weiner. M. A. Earth Medicine, Earth Food. Ballantine Books ISBN 0-449-90589-6 (1980-01-01)
    12. ? Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-01-01)
    13. ? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-01-01)
    14. ? Bird. R. (Editor) Focus on Plants. Volume 5. (formerly 'Growing from seed') Thompson and Morgan. (1991-01-01)
    15. ? 15.015.1 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-01-01)
    16. ? Natural Food Institute, Wonder Crops. 1987. ()
    17. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-01-01)
    18. ? Fernald. M. L. Gray's Manual of Botany. American Book Co. (1950-01-01)
    Facts about "Diospyros virginiana"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Belongs to familyEbenaceae +
    Belongs to genusDiospyros +
    Has binomial nameDiospyros virginiana +
    Has common nameAmerican Persimmon +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partUnknown part + and Fruit +
    Has edible useCoffee +, Unknown use +, Oil +, Sweetener + and Tea +
    Has fertility typeSelf sterile +, Insects + and Wind +
    Has flowers of typeDioecious +
    Has growth rateModerate +
    Has hardiness zone4 +
    Has imagePersimmon 0375.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useWood +
    Has mature height20 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAntiscorbutic +, Astringent + and Warts +
    Has primary imagePersimmon 0375.jpg +
    Has search namediospyros virginiana + and american persimmon +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameDiospyros virginiana +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Inhabits ecosystem nicheCanopy + and Secondary canopy +
    Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedYes +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF material use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedYes +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Diospyros virginiana +, Diospyros virginiana +, Diospyros virginiana +, Diospyros virginiana +, Diospyros virginiana +, Diospyros virginiana +, Diospyros virginiana +, Diospyros virginiana + and Diospyros virginiana +