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Uses

Edible uses

There are no edible uses listed for Cunninghamia lanceolata.

Material uses

Wood - light, fragrant, durable but rots easily if it is continually wet, easily worked, resists insects damage. Used in construction, ship building etc wherever great strength is required[1][2][3][4]. The wood is strongly resistant to rot, is not eaten by termites, and is easily worked. It is used in constructing buildings, bridges, ships, and lamp posts, in furniture manufacture, and for wood fiber[5]. A charcoal can be made from the wood[4].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Antidote, carminative.

A decoction of the wood is used in the treatment of varnish poisoning (from species of Rhus), chronic ulcers, hernia etc[4][6]. An essential oil from the plant is used to treat bruises, pain, rheumatism and wounds[6]. The ash of the bark is used to treat burns, scalds and wounds[6].

A decoction of the cone is used in the treatment of coughs[6].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Canopy or Secondary canopy

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow late winter in a greenhouse[7]. If the seed does not germinate within 8 weeks then 3 weeks cold stratification may speed up the process[8]. Germination usually takes place in 1 - 6 months at 18°c[8]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.

Cuttings of half ripe wood, 5 - 8cm with a heel, July/August in a frame[7].

Division of suckers[5].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Cunninghamia lanceolata. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a rich warm soil and a sheltered sunny position[1][8]. Dislikes soil with free lime otherwise the pH is unimportant[9].

This species is only hardy in the milder areas of Britain according to one report[1] whilst another says that it can tolerate temperatures down to about -25°c[9]. This figure could be a misprint for -15°c since the report also says that it is a zone 7 plant[K]. There are trees 25 metres tall in Cornwall and 18 metres tall in Kent[10][11]. Young trees can make quite rapid growth in height, up to 60cm a year once they have attained more than 1 metre in height[11]. Before reaching the height of 1 metre, however, they are liable to be killed by frost[11]. This is the main re-afforestation tree in China[2][3]. The most important fast-growing timber tree of the warm regions south of the Chang Jiang valley of China[5]. Unlike most conifers, this species can be coppiced[1]. The bruised foliage emits a delicious resinous aroma[12].

This species is notably resistant to honey fungus[9].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Cunninghamia lanceolata. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Cunninghamia lanceolata.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Cunninghamia lanceolata
Genus
Cunninghamia
Family
Taxodiaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
7
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    15 x 6 meters
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.4 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.2 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.2 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.4 Stuart. Rev. G. A. Chinese Materia Medica. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre ()
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.4 [Flora of China] (1994-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.4 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.2 Bird. R. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 4. Thompson and Morgan. (1990-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.19.29.3 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.1 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.111.2 Mitchell. A. F. Conifers in the British Isles. HMSO ISBN 0-11-710012-9 (1975-00-00)
    12. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)

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    Facts about "Cunninghamia lanceolata"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyTaxodiaceae +
    Belongs to genusCunninghamia +
    Has binomial nameCunninghamia lanceolata +
    Has common nameChinese Fir +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has fertility typeWind +
    Has flowers of typeMonoecious +
    Has hardiness zone7 +
    Has imageCunninghamia lanceolata5.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useCharcoal + and Wood +
    Has mature height15 +
    Has mature width6 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAntidote +, Carminative +, Miscellany + and Skin +
    Has primary imageCunninghamia lanceolata5.jpg +
    Has search namecunninghamia lanceolata + and chinese fir +
    Has shade toleranceNo shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceVery acid +, Acid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameCunninghamia lanceolata +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Inhabits ecosystem nicheCanopy + and Secondary canopy +
    Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Cunninghamia lanceolata +, Cunninghamia lanceolata +, Cunninghamia lanceolata +, Cunninghamia lanceolata +, Cunninghamia lanceolata + and Cunninghamia lanceolata +