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Uses

Toxic parts

None known

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw or cooked[1][2]. Sweet and juicy[3][4], it is very nice in small quantities[K]. Very seedy[5]. The skin is rather tough and unpleasant, but the pulp is delicious with a custard-like texture, it is one of our favourite late summer fruits[K]. The fruit is about 2cm in diameter[6]. Young leaves - cooked[5][2][4].

Fruit

Leaves

Material uses

Wood - very hard and heavy. Used for mallets etc[7].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

None known

There are no medicinal uses listed for Cornus kousa.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Canopy or Secondary canopy

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame or in an outdoors seedbed if there is sufficient seed[8][9]. The seed must be separated from the fruit flesh since this contains germination inhibitors[8][10]. Stored seed should be cold stratified for 3 - 4 months and sown as early as possible in the year[10]. Scarification may also help as may a period of warm stratification before the cold stratification[8][10]. Germination, especially of stored seed, can be very slow, taking 18 months or more[10]. Prick out the seedlings of cold-frame sown seeds into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle and grow the plants on for their first winter in a greenhouse, planting out in the spring after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe side shoots, July/August in a frame[11]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current year's growth, taken with a heel if possible, autumn in a cold frame. High percentage[12]. Layering of new growth in June/July. Takes 9 months[12].

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Cultivation

An easily grown plant, it succeeds in any soil of good or moderate fertility, from acid to slightly alkaline but dislikes shallow chalky soils[13][11]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Prefers a rich well-drained loamy soil and a position that is at least partially sunny[3]. A very ornamental plant[14], it is hardy to about -20°c[13]. A number of named forms have been developed for their ornamental value[15]. Plants are slow-growing when young, they speed up somewhat after a few years but then soon slow down again[16]. The sub-species of C. kousa chinensis grows more freely, flowering and fruiting better in Britain though it barely differs in appearance from the species[3]. This species has been known to hybridize with C. capitata[15]. The cultivar 'Norman Hadden' could be such a hybrid[15]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[6].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Cornus kousa. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Cornus kousa.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Cornus kousa
Genus
Cornus
Family
Cornaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    10 x 6 meters
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type












    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-01-01)
    2. ? 2.02.12.2 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-01-01)
    3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.4 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-01-01)
    4. ? 4.04.14.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-01-01)
    5. ? 5.05.15.2 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-01-01)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.3 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-01-01)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Wilson. E. H. and Trollope. M. N. Corean Flora. Royal Asiatic Society (1918-01-01)
    8. ? 8.08.18.2 McMillan-Browse. P. Hardy Woody Plants from Seed. Grower Books ISBN 0-901361-21-6 (1985-01-01)
    9. ? Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-01-01)
    10. ? 10.010.110.210.3 Bird. R. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 4. Thompson and Morgan. (1990-01-01)
    11. ? 11.011.1 Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-01-01)
    12. ? 12.012.1 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-01-01)
    13. ? 13.013.1 Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Shrubs. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30258-2 (1989-01-01)
    14. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-01-01)
    15. ? 15.015.115.2 Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-01-01)
    16. ? Davis. B. Climbers and Wall Shrubs. Viking. ISBN 0-670-82929-3 (1990-01-01)
    17. ? [Flora of China] (1994-01-01)

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