All green parts of the plant are poisonous.
Material usesThere are no material uses listed for Solanum melongena.
The aubergine is used mainly as a food crop, but it does also have various medicinal uses that make it a valuable addition to the diet.
It is bruised with vinegar and used as a poultice for cracked nipples, abscesses and haemorrhoids.
The leaves are narcotic. A decoction is applied to discharging sores and internal haemorrhages. A soothing and emollient poultice for the treatment of burns, abscesses, cold sores and similar conditions can be made from the leaves. Aubergine leaves are toxic and should only be used externally. The ashes of the peduncle are used in the treatment of intestinal haemorrhages, piles and toothache. A decoction of the root is astringent.
Seed usually takes around 7-14 days to germinate. Successful germination requires a minimum temperature of 15°c, and ideally between 24º and 32º. In tropical and subtropical climates, seed can be sown directly into the garden. In temperate climates the growing season can be extended by indoor sowing and transplanting into the garden after all danger of frost is passed. Seeds are typically started eight to 10 weeks prior to the anticipated frost-free date.
Requires a very warm, sheltered sunny position, though it succeeds in most soils. Requires plenty of moisture, though the soil should be well-drained. Requires a pH in the range 5.5 to 6.8. The aubergine is often cultivated, especially in tropical areas, for its edible fruit, there are many named varieties. The plant is not frost-hardy, though it can be grown as an annual in temperate zones. It can, however, be difficult to ripen the fruit from outdoor grown plants in cooler temperate climates such as Britain. In this country they are more commonly grown in a warm or cool greenhouse or in a frame. A steady temperature of 25 - 30°c is required during the growing season for the best production of flowers and fruit. A short-lived perennial plant, it is usually cultivated as an annual. Plants should be restricted to no more than 4 fruits to make sure they reach a good size and ripen properly. Plants are rarely bothered by pests or diseases. Slugs, snails and caterpillars love this plant. Aubergines grow well with beans, tarragon and thyme. Aromatic plants such as lavender, tansy, marigolds or wormwood help to keep aphids at bay. Grows badly with potatoes, onions and garlic. The fruit can be up to 20cm long in cultivated plants.
Problems, pests & diseases
Associations & Interactions
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Polycultures & Guilds
There are no polycultures listed which include Solanum melongena.
This table shows all the data stored for this plant.
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