Uses

Toxic parts

All green parts of the plant are poisonous[12].

Whole plant

moderate toxicity
As with most members of this genus, the green parts of the plant are poisonous and should be avoided.

Edible uses

Fruit

Cooked as a Vegetable

Leaves

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Solanum melongena.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The aubergine is used mainly as a food crop, but it does also have various medicinal uses that make it a valuable addition to the diet.

It is bruised with vinegar and used as a poultice for cracked nipples, abscesses and haemorrhoids[13][11][10].

The leaves are narcotic[14]. A decoction is applied to discharging sores and internal haemorrhages[11]. A soothing and emollient poultice for the treatment of burns, abscesses, cold sores and similar conditions can be made from the leaves[10]. Aubergine leaves are toxic and should only be used externally[10]. The ashes of the peduncle are used in the treatment of intestinal haemorrhages, piles and toothache[11]. A decoction of the root is astringent[13][11].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Shrub, Herbaceous, Soil surface or Climber

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed

Seed usually takes around 7-14 days to germinate[15]. Successful germination requires a minimum temperature of 15°c[16], and ideally between 24º and 32º[15]. In tropical and subtropical climates, seed can be sown directly into the garden. In temperate climates the growing season can be extended by indoor sowing and transplanting into the garden after all danger of frost is passed. Seeds are typically started eight to 10 weeks prior to the anticipated frost-free date.[17]


Cultivation

Requires a very warm, sheltered sunny position, though it succeeds in most soils[1]. Requires plenty of moisture[9], though the soil should be well-drained. Requires a pH in the range 5.5 to 6.8[16]. The aubergine is often cultivated, especially in tropical areas, for its edible fruit, there are many named varieties[6][16]. The plant is not frost-hardy, though it can be grown as an annual in temperate zones. It can, however, be difficult to ripen the fruit from outdoor grown plants in cooler temperate climates such as Britain. In this country they are more commonly grown in a warm or cool greenhouse or in a frame. A steady temperature of 25 - 30°c is required during the growing season for the best production of flowers and fruit[16]. A short-lived perennial plant, it is usually cultivated as an annual[18][16]. Plants should be restricted to no more than 4 fruits to make sure they reach a good size and ripen properly[5]. Plants are rarely bothered by pests or diseases[9]. Slugs, snails and caterpillars love this plant[8]. Aubergines grow well with beans, tarragon and thyme[8]. Aromatic plants such as lavender, tansy, marigolds or wormwood help to keep aphids at bay[8]. Grows badly with potatoes, onions and garlic[8]. The fruit can be up to 20cm long in cultivated plants[16].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Solanum melongena. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Solanum melongena.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Solanum melongena
Genus
Solanum
Family
Solanaceae
Imported References
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
9
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    1 x
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

    "image:Solanum_melongena_Blanco2.265.png|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Solanum_melongena_Blanco2.265.png|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Solanum_melongena_Blanco2.265.png|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Solanum_melongena_Blanco2.265.png|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Solanum_melongena_Blanco2.265.png|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Solanum_melongena_Blanco2.265.png|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Solanum_melongena_Blanco2.265.png|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Solanum_melongena_Blanco2.265.png|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Solanum_melongena_Blanco2.265.png|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Solanum_melongena_Blanco2.265.png|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Solanum_melongena_Blanco2.265.png|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Solanum_melongena_Blanco2.265.png|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Solanum_melongena_Blanco2.265.png|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Solanum_melongena_Blanco2.265.png|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Solanum_melongena_Blanco2.265.png|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Solanum_melongena_Blanco2.265.png|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Solanum_melongena_Blanco2.265.png|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Solanum_melongena_Blanco2.265.png|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.




    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.2 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (32202/01/01)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (32202/01/01)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Simons. New Vegetable Growers Handbook. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-050-0 (32202/01/01)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Vilmorin. A. The Vegetable Garden. Ten Speed Press ISBN 0-89815-041-8 ()
    5. ? 5.05.15.2 Organ. J. Rare Vegetables for Garden and Table. Faber (32202/01/01)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.3 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (32202/01/01)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.4 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (32202/01/01)
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.48.5 Allardice.P. A - Z of Companion Planting. Cassell Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-304-34324-2 (32202/01/01)
    9. ? 9.09.19.29.3 Bianchini. F., Corbetta. F. and Pistoia. M. Fruits of the Earth. ()
    10. ? 10.010.110.210.310.4 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (32202/01/01)
    11. ? 11.011.111.211.311.411.5 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (32202/01/01)
    12. ? Stary. F. Poisonous Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-35666-3 (32202/01/01)
    13. ? 13.013.113.2 Stuart. Rev. G. A. Chinese Materia Medica. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre ()
    14. ? 14.014.1 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (32202/01/01)
    15. ? 15.015.1 [Eggplant] The Official Seed Starting Homepage ()
    16. ? 16.016.116.216.316.416.516.616.7 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (32202/01/01)
    17. ? [Eggplant] Wikipedia (2013/04/25)
    18. ? Brouk. B. Plants Consumed by Man. Academic Press ISBN 0-12-136450-x (32202/01/01)



    "image:Solanum_melongena_Blanco2.265.png|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Solanum melongena"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteFalse +
    Article requires citationsFalse +
    Article requires cleanupFalse +
    Belongs to familySolanaceae +
    Belongs to genusSolanum +
    Has binomial nameSolanum melongena +
    Has common nameEggplant + and Aubergine +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partFruit + and Leaves +
    Has edible useVegetable + and Unknown use +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone9 +
    Has imageSolanum melongena Blanco2.265.png +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has mature height1 +
    Has medicinal partFruit + and Unknown part +
    Has medicinal useAnticholesterolemic +, Antidote +, Antihaemorrhoidal +, Hypotensive +, Astringent +, Narcotic + and Poultice +
    Has primary imageSolanum_melongena_Blanco2.265.png +
    Has root zoneShallow +
    Has search namesolanum melongena +, eggplant + and aubergine +
    Has seed requiring scarificationFalse +
    Has seed requiring stratificationFalse +
    Has shade toleranceNo shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameSolanum melongena +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Inhabits ecosystem nicheShrub +, Herbaceous +, Soil surface + and Climber +
    Is grown fromSeed +
    Is herbaceous or woodyHerbaceous +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedYes +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF material use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedYes +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates air pollutionFalse +
    Tolerates maritime exposureFalse +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilFalse +
    Tolerates windFalse +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Solanum melongena +, Solanum melongena +, Solanum melongena +, Solanum melongena +, Solanum melongena +, Solanum melongena +, Solanum melongena + and Solanum melongena +