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Botanical description

Salvia divinorum has large green ovate (oftentimes also dentate) leaves, with a yellow undertone that reach 10 to 30 cm (4 to 12 in) long. The leaves have no hairs on either surface, and little or no petiole. The plant grows to well over 1 metre (3 ft) in height, on hollow square stems which tend to break or trail on the ground, with the plant rooting quite readily at the nodes and internodes.[1]

The flowers, which bloom only rarely, grow in whorls on a 30-centimetre (12 in) inflorescence, with about six flowers to each whorl. The 3-centimetre (1.2 in) flowers are white, curved and covered with hairs, and held in a small violet calyx that is covered in hairs and glands. When it does bloom in its native habitat, it does so from September to May.[1]

Uses

Toxic parts

Whole, Leaves, Flowers, Stem

salvinorin A low toxicity

The known active constituent of Salvia divinorum is a trans-neoclerodane diterpenoid known as salvinorin A (chemical formula C23H28O8). This compound is present in the dried plant at about 0.18%. Salvinorin A is not an alkaloid, (meaning it does not contain a basic nitrogen), unlike most known opioid receptor ligands. Salvinorin A is the first documented diterpene hallucinogen. Similar to many psychoactive herbs, Salvia divinorum synthesizes and excretes its active constituent (salvinorin A) via trichomes, of the peltate-glandular morphology, located just beneath the cuticle (subcuticular) layer.[1]

Generally understood to be of low toxicity (high LD50)[13][14] and low addictive potential[11][15] since it is a ?-opioid agonist.[1]
The given value was not understood.

Edible uses

There are no edible uses listed for Salvia divinorum.

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Salvia divinorum.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Herbaceous

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Native plants reproduce vegetatively, rarely producing viable seed.[1]


Rooted cuttings

Cultivation

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on cultivation. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Salvia divinorum. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Salvia divinorum.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Salvia divinorum
Genus
Salvia
Family
Labiatae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
?
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
partial sun
Shade
partial shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems [2]
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    Native Environment
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life [2][3]
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    x metres
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    white
    Flower Type

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    "image:Salvia divinorum.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Salvia divinorum.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Salvia divinorum.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.



    "image:Salvia divinorum.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Salvia divinorum.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Salvia divinorum.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Salvia divinorum.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Salvia divinorum.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Salvia divinorum.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.




    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.41.5 [Salvia divinorum] Wikipedia (2012/12/19)
    2. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Wasson
    3. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Emboden


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