Oak galls are excrescences that are sometimes produced in great numbers on the tree and are caused by the activity of the larvae of different insects. The insects live inside these galls, obtaining their nutrient therein. When the insect pupates and leaves, the gall can be used as a rich source of tannin, that can also be used as a dyestuff.Wood - heavy, very hard, strong, close grained, durable. It weighs 53lb per cubic foot. Not abundant enough to be used commercially, it is used for fencing, cooperage etc and makes an excellent fuel.
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Prefers warmer summers than are usually experienced in Britain, trees often grow poorly in this country and fail to properly ripen their wood resulting in frost damage overwinter. Growth is fairly rapid for an oak, especially when the tree is young, though it slows down with age. Seed production is cyclic, a year with high yields is followed by 2 - 3 years of light crops. The tree flowers on new growth produced in spring, the seed ripening in its first year. Q. muhlenbergii brayi (Small.)Sarg. has somewhat larger seeds than the type, sometimes 3cm long. Closely related to Q. prinus. Trees are often confused with Q. prinus, Q. prinoides and Q. michauxii. Trees respond well to coppicing. Intolerant of root disturbance, trees should be planted in their permanent positions whilst young. Hybridizes freely with other members of the genus.Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus.
Problems, pests & diseases
Associations & Interactions
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Polycultures & Guilds
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