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Edible uses


Fruit - raw[1][2][3]. A sweet flavour[4]. The fruit is about 10mm in diameter and contains one seed[5].

The watery sap is drunk or used in the preparation of a beer-like beverage[4]. It is best from trees that are neither too young nor too old[3].

Other reports say that the young shoots are made into a beverage resembling spruce beer[4].

Unknown part


Material uses

The plant is very tolerant of trimming and can be grown as a hedge[5]. Wood. Used for furniture, construction, bridges etc[6].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Prumnopitys taxifolia.


Ecosystem niche/layer


Ecological Functions



Nothing listed.


Nothing listed.


Seed - it can be sown at any time of the year in a sandy soil in a greenhouse[7]. It can take 18 months to germinate[5]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.

Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/august in a frame. Easy[7].

Cuttings of ripe wood with a heel in late summer.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Prumnopitys taxifolia. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.


Thrives in any good soil, including chalk[8][9]. Requires a sheltered position[8].

This species is not very cold-hardy in Britain, though it succeeds outdoors in the mildest areas of the country[8][9].

Dioecious, male and female plants must be grown if seed and fruit are required.


Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Prumnopitys taxifolia. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Prumnopitys taxifolia.




None listed.


None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Binomial name
Prumnopitys taxifolia
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
full sun
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    Flower Colour
    Flower Type

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    "image:MataiTree877.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:MataiTree877.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:MataiTree877.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:MataiTree877.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:MataiTree877.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:MataiTree877.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:MataiTree877.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:MataiTree877.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:MataiTree877.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:MataiTree877.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:MataiTree877.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    1. ? 1.01.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Laing. and Blackwell. Plants of New Zealand. Whitcombe and Tombs Ltd (1907-00-00)
    3. ? Crowe. A. Native Edible Plants of New Zealand. Hodder and Stoughton ISBN 0-340-508302 (1990-00-00)
    4. ? Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    5. ? Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    8. ? Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.1 Rushforth. K. Conifers. Christopher Helm ISBN 0-7470-2801-X (1987-00-00)
    10. ? Allan. H. H. Flora of New Zealand. Government Printer, Wellington. (1961-00-00)

    "image:MataiTree877.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Prumnopitys taxifolia"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyPodocarpaceae +
    Belongs to genusPrumnopitys +
    Functions asHedge +
    Has binomial namePrumnopitys taxifolia +
    Has common nameMatai +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partUnknown part +, Fruit + and Sap +
    Has edible useDrink + and Unknown use +
    Has fertility typeWind +
    Has flowers of typeDioecious +
    Has growth rateSlow +
    Has hardiness zone9 +
    Has imageMataiTree877.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useWood +
    Has mature height25 +
    Has primary imageMataiTree877.jpg +
    Has search nameprumnopitys taxifolia + and matai +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy namePrumnopitys taxifolia +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Inhabits ecosystem nicheCanopy +
    Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Prumnopitys taxifolia +, Prumnopitys taxifolia +, Prumnopitys taxifolia + and Prumnopitys taxifolia +