A fast growing tree, it is often used to provide a quick screen or windbreak. The cultivar 'Italica' is commonly used for this purpose though it is not a very suitable choice because it has fragile branches and is prone to basal rots which can cause sudden collapse. The cultivar 'Plantierensis' is much more suitable. A resin obtained from the buds is made into a salve and used in home remedies. The bark is used as a cork substitute for floats etc.Wood - very soft, very light, rather woolly in texture, without smell or taste, of low flammability, not durable, easy to work, very resistant to abrasion. Used for lower quality purposes.
Cuttings of mature wood of the current season's growth, 20 - 40cm long, November/December in a sheltered outdoor bed or direct into their permanent positions. Very easy.Suckers in early spring. This species rarely produces suckers.
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A fast-growing tree, reaching maturity in about 100 years and declining thereafter. There are several named varieties that have been selected mainly for their ornamental value. The leaf buds, as they swell in the spring, and the young leaves have a pleasing fragrance of balsam. The fragrance is especially pronounced as the leaves unfold. Very tolerant of hard pruning, the trees have often been pollarded in the past. Plants seldom produce suckers. An important food plant for the caterpillars of several species of butterfly. Poplars have very extensive and aggressive root systems that can invade and damage drainage systems. Especially when grown on clay soils, they should not be planted within 12 metres of buildings since the root system can damage the building's foundations by drying out the soil.Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.
Problems, pests & diseases
Associations & Interactions
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Polycultures & Guilds
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