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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Young male catkins - raw or cooked. Used as a flavouring[1].

Immature female cones - cooked. The central portion, when roasted, is sweet and syrupy[1]. The cones are up to 10cm long[2]. Inner bark - dried, ground into a powder and then used as a thickener in soups etc or added to cereals when making bread[1]. An emergency food when all else fails. Seed - raw. The seed is about 2 - 4mm long[3] and is too small and fiddly to be worthwhile unless you are desperate[1].

A refreshing tea, rich in vitamin C, can be made from the young shoot tips[1].

Flowers

Inner bark

Unknown part

Tea

Material uses

Wood - soft, heavy, close grained[2]. It is valued for its use in the pulp industry to make paper[4].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Picea breweriana.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Canopy

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - stratification will probably improve germination so sow fresh seed in the autumn in a cold frame if possible[5]. Sow stored seed as early in the year as possible in a cold frame[6]. A position in light shade is probably best[6]. Seed should not be allowed to dry out and should be stored in a cool place[5]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse or cold frame for their first winter. They can be planted out into their permanent positions in early summer of the following year, or be placed in an outdoor nursery bed for a year or so to increase in size. They might need protection from spring frosts.

Cuttings of semi-ripe terminal shoots, 5 - 8cm long, August in a frame. Protect from frost. Forms roots in the spring[6]. Cuttings of mature terminal shoots, 5 - 10cm long, September/October in a cold frame. Takes 12 months[6].

Cuttings of soft to semi-ripe wood, early summer in a frame. Slow but sure.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Picea breweriana. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Likes abundant moisture at the roots, if grown in drier areas it must be given a deep moist soil[7]. Tolerates poor peaty soils[8]. Succeeds in wet cold and shallow soils but is not very wind-firm in shallow soils[9]. Prefers a pH between 4 to 6[8]. Dislikes shade[8]. Intolerant of atmospheric pollution[7]. Resists wind exposure to some degree[8].

In some upland areas, especially over granitic or other base-poor soils, growth rate and health have been seriously affected by aluminium poisoning induced by acid rain[8]. Plants are strongly outbreeding, self-fertilized seed usually grows poorly[8]. They hybridize freely with other members of this genus[8]. Closely related to and often confused with P. smithiana. Very slow growing when young, plants are often no more than 1 metre tall when 10 years old. Growth increases somewhat with age and can average 30cm a year in older trees[10]. Increase in the girth of trees grown in the open can be quite fast, averaging 3cm a year[10]. Trees should be planted into their permanent positions when they are quite small, between 30 and 90cm. Larger trees will check badly and hardly put on any growth for several years. This also badly affects root development and wind resistance[8].

The crushed shoots have a resinous aroma[11].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Picea breweriana. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Picea breweriana.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Picea breweriana
Genus
Picea
Family
Pinaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
15 x 5 meters
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Picea breweriana1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Picea breweriana1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Picea breweriana1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Picea breweriana1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Picea breweriana1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Picea breweriana1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Picea breweriana1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Picea breweriana1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Picea breweriana1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Picea breweriana1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Picea breweriana1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Picea breweriana1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.41.5 Schofield. J. J. Discovering Wild Plants - Alaska, W. Canada and the Northwest. ()
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.4 Sargent. C. S. Manual of the Trees of N. America. Dover Publications Inc. New York. ISBN 0-486-20278-X (1965-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Elias. T. The Complete Trees of N. America. Field Guide and Natural History. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. ISBN 0442238622 (1980-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Hill. A. F. Economic Botany. The Maple Press (1952-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.1 McMillan-Browse. P. Hardy Woody Plants from Seed. Grower Books ISBN 0-901361-21-6 (1985-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.3 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.2 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.48.58.68.78.8 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  9. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.1 Mitchell. A. F. Conifers in the British Isles. HMSO ISBN 0-11-710012-9 (1975-00-00)
  11. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)

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