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Uses

Edible uses

There are no edible uses listed for Ostrya virginiana.

Material uses

Wood - close-grained, very hard, very strong, durable. It weighs 51lb per cubic foot. The wood is of a very high quality but the tree is not large enough to be used commercially. It is used locally for posts, mallets, tool handles and applications where resistance to wear is essential[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8]. A very good fuel, though it is almost impossible to split[6].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The bark is astringent, blood tonic and haemostatic[9]. A decoction of the bark is used to bathe sore muscles[9]. An infusion of the bark can be held in the mouth to relieve the pain of toothache[9]. An infusion of the heartwood has been used in the treatment of lung haemorrhages, coughs and colds, catarrh and kidney problems[9]. It is also used as a herbal steam bath in the treatment of rheumatism[9].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Canopy

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame, it normally germinates in spring. The germination rate is variable but usually good[10]. 'Green' seed, harvested when the embryo has fully formed but before the outer coat has dried, sown immediately in a cold frame germinates very well. Stored seed requires stratification, 3 months warm then 5 months cold usually works well but germination can take 18 months[11]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Ostrya virginiana. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

An easily grown plant, succeeding in most soils[1].Thrives in any good loam, including chalk[11], it does not demand much light. Prefers a deep open loam. A rather slow-growing tree[7]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[11].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Ostrya virginiana. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Ostrya virginiana.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Ostrya virginiana
Genus
Ostrya
Family
Betulaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
4
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Ostrya virginiana1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Ostrya virginiana1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Ostrya virginiana1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Ostrya virginiana1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Ostrya virginiana1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Ostrya virginiana1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Ostrya virginiana1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Ostrya virginiana1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Ostrya virginiana1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Ostrya virginiana1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Ostrya virginiana1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.3 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Sargent. C. S. Manual of the Trees of N. America. Dover Publications Inc. New York. ISBN 0-486-20278-X (1965-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Haywood. V. H. Flowering Plants of the World. Oxford University Press ISBN 0-19-217674-9 ()
    6. ? 6.06.16.2 Lauriault. J. Identification Guide to the Trees of Canada Fitzhenry and Whiteside, Ontario. ISBN 0889025649 (1989-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.2 Vines. R.A. Trees of North Texas University of Texas Press. ISBN 0292780206 (1982-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Elias. T. The Complete Trees of N. America. Field Guide and Natural History. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. ISBN 0442238622 (1980-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.19.29.39.49.5 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
    10. ? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.111.211.3 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    12. ? Fernald. M. L. Gray's Manual of Botany. American Book Co. (1950-00-00)

    "image:Ostrya virginiana1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Ostrya virginiana"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyBetulaceae +
    Belongs to genusOstrya +
    Has binomial nameOstrya virginiana +
    Has common nameIronwood +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has flowers of typeMonoecious +
    Has growth rateSlow +
    Has hardiness zone4 +
    Has imageOstrya virginiana1.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useWood +
    Has mature height15 +
    Has mature width12 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAntirheumatic +, Astringent +, Blood tonic +, Haemostatic + and Pectoral +
    Has primary imageOstrya virginiana1.jpg +
    Has search nameostrya virginiana + and ironwood +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameOstrya virginiana +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Inhabits ecosystem nicheCanopy +
    Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Ostrya virginiana +, Ostrya virginiana +, Ostrya virginiana +, Ostrya virginiana +, Ostrya virginiana + and Ostrya virginiana +