This article has been marked as incomplete and in need of reformatting. Please help us to improve it.

Practical Plants is a community wiki. You can edit this page to improve the quality of the information it contains. To learn how, please read the editing guide.

Uses

Toxic parts

All members of this genus contain the toxin hydrogen cyanide in their seeds and possibly also in their leaves, but not in their fruits. Hydrogen cyanide is the substance that gives almonds their characteristic taste but it should only be consumed in very small quantities. Apple seeds do not normally contain very high quantities of hydrogen cyanide but, even so, should not be consumed in very large quantities. In small quantities, hydrogen cyanide has been shown to stimulate respiration and improve digestion, it is also claimed to be of benefit in the treatment of cancer. In excess, however, it can cause respiratory failure and even death.

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw or cooked[1]. A bitter flavour[K]. Fruits we have tasted have been astringent rather than bitter, though some cultivars and forms are not at all bitter. A fruit of the species, tasted at Kew in October 1991, had a sweet pleasant taste, was mealy and of low acidity[K]. The fruit can be used fresh or in preserves etc. The fruit is about 20mm in diameter[2], though some forms are considerably larger[K].

Fruit

Material uses

This species is an excellent stock for grafting apple trees[3].
There are no material uses listed for Malus prunifolia.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Malus prunifolia.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Secondary canopy

Ecological Functions

Rootstock

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn in a cold frame. It usually germinates in late winter. Stored seed requires stratification for 3 months at 1°c and should be sown in a cold frame as soon as it is received[2]. It might not germinate for 12 months or more. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle. If given a rich compost they usually grow away quickly and can be large enough to plant out in late summer, though consider giving them some protection from the cold in their first winter. Otherwise, keep them in pots in a cold frame and plant them out in late spring of the following year. Cuttings of mature wood, November in a frame[4].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Malus prunifolia. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

An easily grown plant, it succeeds in most fertile soils, preferring a moisture retentive well-drained loamy soil[5][2]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Prefers a sunny position but succeeds in partial shade though it fruits less well in such a situation[2].

Highly resistant to frost and drought, this species is being used to a limited extent in breeding programmes for cultivated apples[1]. The cultivar 'Hyslop' has edible fruits 4cm in diameter[2]. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[2]. The fruit is a good wildlife food source, especially for birds[2].

Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[2].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Malus prunifolia. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Malus prunifolia.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Malus prunifolia
Genus
Malus
Family
Rosaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
3
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
8 x 8 meters
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

"image:Malus prunifolia.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Malus prunifolia.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Malus prunifolia.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Malus prunifolia.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Malus prunifolia.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Malus prunifolia.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Malus prunifolia.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Malus prunifolia.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Malus prunifolia.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Malus prunifolia.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Malus prunifolia.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Malus prunifolia.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Malus prunifolia.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Malus prunifolia.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Malus prunifolia.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Malus prunifolia.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Malus prunifolia.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? 1.01.11.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.42.52.62.72.82.9 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.2 [Flora of China] (1994-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  5. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)

"image:Malus prunifolia.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.