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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

The flowers are pickled in some parts of England and are considered to have an exquisite flavour[1][2]. They are also said to be used as a spice and a condiment[2].

Unknown part

Flowers

Material uses

A fairly wind-tolerant tree, it can be used in shelterbelt plantings[3].

An essential oil is obtained from the flowers[4].

Wood - hard and fairly heavy, but weak and not durable[5]. White when first cut, it turns brown on exposure to air[6]. It is used in limited amounts for fuel, baskets, crates, woodenware and furniture[7][5].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The bark is diaphoretic, stimulant, tonic[8][9][4]. It is used in the treatment of malaria and rheumatism[4]. A decoction has been used as a wash and a bath for prickly heat itching[10]. The decoction has also been used as a wash for sores and as a steam bath for treating dropsy[10]. An alcoholic extract of the plant reduces the blood pressure, produces a slight acceleration in respiration but has no action on the heart[4].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Canopy or Secondary canopy

Ecological Functions

Windbreak

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Stored seed must be kept cold over the winter and should be sown in late winter in a cold frame[3]. The seed usually germinates in the spring but it can take 18 months. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in light shade in a cold frame or greenhouse for at least their first winter. They can be planted out into their permanent positions when they are more than 15cm tall, though should be well mulched and given some protection from winter cold for their first winter or two outdoors. Layering in early spring[3].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Magnolia grandiflora. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Best grown in a warm position in a moderately rich free soil of an open texture[11]. Tolerates moderately limey soils[3][12] so long as they are deep and rich in humus[13]. The branches are brittle so a sheltered position is required[3]. Another part of the same book says that this species is fairly wind-resistant[3]. Succeeds in full sun or semi-shade[14].

Plants are hardy to about -10°c[3]. The fleshy roots are easily damaged and any transplanting is best done during a spell of mild moist weather in late spring[15]. A very ornamental plant[11], a number of named forms have been developed[3]. The flowers are very large (up to 25cm across) and have a delicious and very powerful scent[12][16]. This is perhaps the most strongly scented flower in the world[16]. They can be produced in trees as young as 10 years old[6]. The form 'Exmouth Variety' (also known as elliptica) produces its flowers when younger than the species, these flowers have a refreshing lemon scent[16]. There is no main flush of flowering, instead the flowers open intermittently throughout the summer[K].

Plants do not normally need pruning, any cutting out of dead wood etc is best carried out in July[14].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Magnolia grandiflora. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Magnolia grandiflora.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Magnolia grandiflora
Genus
Magnolia
Family
Magnoliaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
Fertility
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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References

  1. ? 1.01.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.43.53.63.73.83.9 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.5 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.2 Vines. R.A. Trees of North Texas University of Texas Press. ISBN 0292780206 (1982-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.2 Elias. T. The Complete Trees of N. America. Field Guide and Natural History. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. ISBN 0442238622 (1980-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.1 Sargent. C. S. Manual of the Trees of N. America. Dover Publications Inc. New York. ISBN 0-486-20278-X (1965-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.110.2 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.1 Davis. B. Climbers and Wall Shrubs. Viking. ISBN 0-670-82929-3 (1990-00-00)
  13. ? Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-00-00)
  14. ? 14.014.1 Grey-Wilson. C. & Matthews. V. Gardening on Walls Collins ISBN 0-00-219220-0 (1983-00-00)
  15. ? Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)
  16. ? 16.016.116.2 Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
  17. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PFAFimport-11
  18. ? Small. Manual of the Southeastern Flora. ()

"image:Magnolia grandiflora9.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Magnolia grandiflora"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyMagnoliaceae +
Belongs to genusMagnolia +
Functions asWindbreak +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partUnknown part + and Flowers +
Has edible useSeasoning + and Unknown use +
Has environmental toleranceHigh wind +
Has fertility typeSelf sterile + and Beetles +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has growth rateModerate +
Has hardiness zone6 +
Has imageMagnolia grandiflora9.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useEssential + and Wood +
Has mature height10 +
Has mature width10 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useDiaphoretic +, Hypotensive +, Salve +, Stimulant + and Tonic +
Has primary imageMagnolia grandiflora9.jpg +
Has search namemagnolia grandiflora + and x +
Has shade toleranceLight shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil teclayture preferenceClay +
Has soil teloamyture preferenceLoamy +
Has soil tesandyture preferenceSandy +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomy nameMagnolia grandiflora +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Inhabits ecosystem nicheCanopy + and Secondary canopy +
Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +