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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

The root is used as a lemon-like flavouring in spruce beer, where it also serves to correct the bitterness of the beer[1]. The bark of the root and branches have a pleasant rather pungent scent[2].

Unknown part

Material uses

A gold-coloured dye is obtained from the bark[3]. Wood - fine grained, soft, light, easily worked, durable, brittle, not strong but does not split. A valuable timber, it weighs 26lb per cubic foot and is much used for interior finishes, furniture, construction and plywood[2][4][5][6][7][8].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The intensely acrid bitter inner bark, especially of the roots, is used domestically as a diuretic, tonic and stimulant[9][10]. The raw green bark is also chewed as an aphrodisiac[11][12]. The bark contains 'tulipiferine', which is said to exert powerful effects on the heart and nervous system[4][5][10]. A tea is used in the treatment of indigestion, dysentery, rheumatism, coughs, fevers etc[11][12]. Externally, the tea is used as a wash and a poultice on wounds and boils[12]. The root bark and the seeds have both been used to expel worms from the body[10][12].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Canopy

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a shady place in a cold frame[13][14][15]. Stored seed requires 3 weeks warm then 12 weeks cold stratification[13][14]. Germination is usually poor, only about 1% of the seed is viable[13]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts[16]. Layering in spring. Do not sever from the parent plant for 2 years[15].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Liriodendron tulipifera. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a deep rich soil[2][17][15] and a sheltered but not overshadowed position[18]. Prefers a slightly acid soil[19]. Succeeds in sun or semi-shade[19].

A very ornamental plant[18], it is fast-growing and moderately long-lived in its native range[7]. Flowers are first produced when the tree is about 15 - 20 years old[7]. Intolerant of root disturbance, plants are best grown in pots and placed into their final positions as soon as possible. Any transplanting is best done in May[2]. Trees flower best in regions with long hot summers[15]. Plants are particularly susceptible to attacks by rabbits and hares[15]. The flowers produce considerable nectar, making this a good bee plant[20][7].

Cultivated for its wood in Europe50].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Liriodendron tulipifera. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Liriodendron tulipifera.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Liriodendron tulipifera
Genus
Liriodendron
Family
Magnoliaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
4
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Liriodendron tulipifera4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Liriodendron tulipifera4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


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    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.42.52.6 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Coon. N. The Dictionary of Useful Plants. Rodale Press ISBN 0-87857-090-x (1975-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.3 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Hill. A. F. Economic Botany. The Maple Press (1952-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.4 Elias. T. The Complete Trees of N. America. Field Guide and Natural History. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. ISBN 0442238622 (1980-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Britton. N. L. Brown. A. An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada Dover Publications. New York. ISBN 0-486-22642-5 (1970-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.1 Sargent. C. S. Manual of the Trees of N. America. Dover Publications Inc. New York. ISBN 0-486-20278-X (1965-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.110.210.3 Weiner. M. A. Earth Medicine, Earth Food. Ballantine Books ISBN 0-449-90589-6 (1980-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.111.2 Foster. S. & Duke. J. A. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Eastern and Central N. America. Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN 0395467225 (1990-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.112.212.312.4 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.113.2 McMillan-Browse. P. Hardy Woody Plants from Seed. Grower Books ISBN 0-901361-21-6 (1985-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.1 Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
    15. ? 15.015.115.215.315.415.5 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    16. ? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
    17. ? 17.017.1 Fernald. M. L. Gray's Manual of Botany. American Book Co. (1950-00-00)
    18. ? 18.018.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    19. ? 19.019.1 Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-00-00)
    20. ? Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books ISBN 0-553-23827-2 (1983-00-00)

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    Facts about "Liriodendron tulipifera"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyMagnoliaceae +
    Belongs to genusLiriodendron +
    Has binomial nameLiriodendron tulipifera +
    Has common nameTulip Tree +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partUnknown part +
    Has edible useCondiment +
    Has fertility typeBees +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone4 +
    Has imageLiriodendron tulipifera4.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useDye + and Wood +
    Has mature height30 +
    Has mature width12 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAnthelmintic +, Aphrodisiac +, Cardiac +, Diuretic +, Nervine +, Poultice + and Tonic +
    Has primary imageLiriodendron tulipifera4.jpg +
    Has search nameliriodendron tulipifera + and tulip tree +
    Has shade toleranceNo shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameLiriodendron tulipifera +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Inhabits ecosystem nicheCanopy +
    Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Liriodendron tulipifera +, Liriodendron tulipifera +, Liriodendron tulipifera +, Liriodendron tulipifera +, Liriodendron tulipifera +, Liriodendron tulipifera +, Liriodendron tulipifera +, Liriodendron tulipifera +, Liriodendron tulipifera + and Liriodendron tulipifera +