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Uses

Toxic parts

Sawdust from the wood has been known to cause dermatitis in some people[1].

Edible uses

Notes

The young shoots are used as an emergency food[2].

A tea is made from the roots[3].

A tea is made from the branches and needles[4].

Leaves

Unknown part

Tea

Material uses

Resin is extracted by tapping the trunk. It is obtained from near the centre of the trunk[5], one properly made borehole can be used for 20 - 30 years[6]. The resin has a wide range of uses including wood preservatives, medicinal etc. The hole is made in the spring and the resin extracted in the autumn[6].

The roots have been used as a sewing material in canoes and to make durable bags[4]. The bark contains tannin[7].

Wood - very strong, heavy, hard, durable even in water. It weighs 39lb per cubic foot and is used for telegraph poles, fence posts etc[8][9][5][10][11]. The roots are often curved by as much as 90° and are used by builders of small ships[10].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Tamarack was employed medicinally by a number of native North American Indian tribes who used it to treat a variety of complaints[4]. It is little used in modern herbalism.

A tea made from the bark is alterative, diuretic, laxative and tonic[12][1]. It is used in the treatment of jaundice, anaemia, rheumatism, colds and skin ailments[1][4]. It is gargled in the treatment of sore throats and applied as a poultice to sores, swellings and burns[1][4]. A tea made from the leaves is astringent[12][1]. It is used in the treatment of piles, diarrhoea etc[1]. An infusion of the buds and bark is used as an expectorant[4]. The needles and inner bark are disinfectant and laxative[4]. A tea is used in the treatment of coughs[4]. A poultice made from the warm, boiled inner bark is applied to wounds to draw out infections, to burns, frostbite and deep cuts[4].

The resin is chewed as a cure for indigestion[1]. It has also been used in the treatment of kidney and lung disorders, and as a dressing for ulcers and burns[10].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Canopy

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow late winter in pots in a cold frame. One months cold stratification helps germination[13]. It is best to give the seedlings light shade for the first year[14]. As soon as they are large enough to handle, prick out the seedlings into individual pots. Although only a few centimetres tall, they can be planted out into their permanent positions in the summer providing you give them an effective weed-excluding mulch and preferably some winter protection for their first year. Otherwise grow them on in the cold frame for their first winter and plant them out in early summer of the following year. The seed remains viable for 3 years[13] If you are growing larger quantities of plants, you can sow the seed in an outdoor seedbed in late winter. Grow on the seedlings in the seedbed for a couple of years until they are ready to go into their permanent positions then plant them out during the winter.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Larix laricina. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers an open airy position in a light or gravelly well-drained soil[15]. Plants are intolerant of shade[10]. Tolerates acid and infertile soils and waterlogged soils[15]. Succeeds on rocky hill or mountain sides and slopes[15]. A north or east aspect is more suitable than west or south[16].

This species is very cold-hardy when fully dormant, but the trees can be excited into premature growth in Britain by mild spells during the winter and they are then very subject to damage by late frosts and cold winds[16]. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[15]. Planted for forestry in Europe[17], they are not suitable for this purpose in Britain[16]. Growth is normally slow in this country with average height increases of less than 30cm per year[18]. The trees are generally not long-lived[18]. Planting them in boggy soil may improve growth rates[18]. Open ground plants, 1 year x 1 year are the best for planting out, do not use container grown plants with spiralled roots[15]. Plants transplant well, even when coming into growth in the spring[15].

Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[15].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Larix laricina. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Larix laricina.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Larix laricina
Genus
Larix
Family
Pinaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
2
Heat Zone
?
Water
high
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.41.51.61.7 Foster. S. & Duke. J. A. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Eastern and Central N. America. Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN 0395467225 (1990-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Yanovsky. E. Food Plants of the N. American Indians. Publication no. 237. U.S. Depf of Agriculture. ()
  4. ? 4.004.014.024.034.044.054.064.074.084.094.104.11 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.2 Hill. A. F. Economic Botany. The Maple Press (1952-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.2 Howes. F. N. Vegetable Gums and Resins. Faber ()
  7. ? 7.07.1 Elias. T. The Complete Trees of N. America. Field Guide and Natural History. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. ISBN 0442238622 (1980-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.110.210.310.410.5 Lauriault. J. Identification Guide to the Trees of Canada Fitzhenry and Whiteside, Ontario. ISBN 0889025649 (1989-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.1 Britton. N. L. Brown. A. An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada Dover Publications. New York. ISBN 0-486-22642-5 (1970-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.112.2 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.1 Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
  14. ? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  15. ? 15.015.115.215.315.415.515.615.7 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  16. ? 16.016.116.2 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  17. ? ? Flora Europaea Cambridge University Press (1964-00-00)
  18. ? 18.018.118.2 Mitchell. A. F. Conifers in the British Isles. HMSO ISBN 0-11-710012-9 (1975-00-00)
  19. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PFAFimport-11
  20. ? Fernald. M. L. Gray's Manual of Botany. American Book Co. (1950-00-00)

Cite error: <ref> tag with name "PFAFimport-82" defined in <references> is not used in prior text.

"image:Larix laricina youngcones.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Larix laricina"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyPinaceae +
Belongs to genusLarix +
Has binomial nameLarix laricina +
Has common nameTamarack +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partLeaves + and Unknown part +
Has edible useUnknown use + and Tea +
Has environmental toleranceHigh wind +
Has fertility typeWind +
Has flowers of typeMonoecious +
Has growth rateModerate +
Has hardiness zone2 +
Has imageLarix laricina youngcones.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useFibre +, Resin +, Tannin + and Wood +
Has mature height18 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAlterative +, Astringent +, Disinfectant +, Diuretic +, Expectorant +, Laxative +, Poultice +, Salve + and Tonic +
Has primary imageLarix laricina youngcones.jpg +
Has search namelarix laricina + and tamarack +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy + and Loamy +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameLarix laricina +
Has water requirementshigh +
Inhabits ecosystem nicheCanopy +
Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
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