Fruit - raw or cooked. A liquid is obtained from the fruit
(used for drinking?).The cones are about 7 - 12mm in diameter and take 2 years to mature
The bark is used for roofing
Wood - moderately hard, close and even grained, fragrant, good quality. Used for construction, fuel and it is also burnt as an incense
. The crushed foliage emits a warm resinous scent
The smoke from the branches is used in India to treat the delirium of fevers
The seed requires a period of cold stratification. The seed has a hard seedcoat and can be very slow to germinate, requiring a cold period followed by a warm period and then another cold spell, each of 2 - 3 months duration
. Soaking the seed for 3 - 6 seconds in boiling water may speed up the germination process
. The seed is best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Some might germinate in the following spring, though most will take another year. Another possibility is to harvest the seed 'green' (when the embryo has fully formed but before the seedcoat has hardened). The seedlings can be potted up into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Grow on in pots until large enough, then plant out in early summer. When stored dry, the seed can remain viable for several years
Cuttings of mature wood, 5 - 10cm with a heel, September/October in a cold frame. Plant out in the following autumn.
Layering in September/October. Takes 12 months
Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Juniperus excelsa. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.
Succeeds in dry soils. Succeeds in most soils if they are well drained, preferring a neutral or slightly alkaline soil
and succeeding on chalk
Plants are tender when young, they require a sheltered position.
The crushed foliage emits a warm resinous scent.
Plants are usually dioecious though sometimes they are monoecious
. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.
Problems, pests & diseases
Associations & Interactions
There are no interactions listed for Juniperus excelsa. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.
Polycultures & Guilds
There are no polycultures listed which include Juniperus excelsa.
This table shows all the data stored for this plant.
Material uses & Functions
Native Climate Zones
Adapted Climate Zones
Native Geographical Range
Root Zone Tendancy
? 1.01.11.21.31.41.5 Gamble. J. S. A Manual of Indian Timbers. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh (1972-00-00)
? 2.02.12.22.3 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
? 3.03.13.23.33.4 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
? 4.04.1 Gupta. B. L. Forest Flora of Chakrata, Dehra Dun and Saharanpur. Forest Research Institute Press (1945-00-00)
? 5.05.15.2 Mitchell. A. F. Conifers in the British Isles. HMSO ISBN 0-11-710012-9 (1975-00-00)
? 6.06.1 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
? 7.07.17.2 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
? Rushforth. K. Conifers. Christopher Helm ISBN 0-7470-2801-X (1987-00-00)
? 9.09.19.29.3 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
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