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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Sap - raw or cooked. A very sweet taste, it can be used as a refreshing drink[1][2][3][4], concentrated into a syrup or fermented into a wine[5]. The tree is felled and the crown removed, the sap then begins to flow and, providing a thin section of trunk is removed daily, the sap will continue to flow for several months[2]. Yields of over 400 litres of sap can be obtained from a tree[2].

Fruit - candied and used as a sweetmeat[4][5].The fruit is about 5cm in diameter[6]. Seed - raw or cooked[7][4]. A pleasant nutty flavour raw[2], they are also used in sweetmeats[5]. The seed is about 5cm in diameter[8].

An edible oil is obtained from the seed[7][4][9][10].

Fruit

Unknown part

Oil

Material uses

The leaves are used to make baskets, brushes and for thatching[7][4][11].

Fibres from the plant are used as a stuffing material for mattresses etc[11].

A paper is made from the fibres in the trunk[11].

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Jubaea chilensis.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Secondary canopy

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a warm greenhouse. The seed can take 6 months to germinate[6]. Stored seed should be soaked for 12 - 24 hours in warm water as soon as it is received and then sown in a warm greenhouse. It can be very slow to germinate. The seed has a short viability. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first two winters. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts, and give them some protection from the cold for their first few winters outdoors.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Jubaea chilensis. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

We have no records of the cultivation needs of this plant in Britain. It is said in many books that it is not hardy in Britain but some trees have been growing outdoors in Britain at Torquay since 1900 and they were 7.5 metres tall in 1972[3][12].

It will probably require a sunny sheltered position in a moist but well-drained soil[8]. Some reports say that it can tolerate several degrees of short-lived frost[6][13]. Palms usually have deep penetrating root systems and generally establish best when planted out at a young stage. However, older plants are substantially more cold tolerant than juvenile plants[8]. In areas at the limit of their cold tolerance, therefore, it is prudent to grow the plants in containers for some years, giving them winter protection, and only planting them into their permanent positions when sheer size dictates[8]. Palms can also be transplanted even when very large. Although the thick fleshy roots are easily damaged and/or desiccated, new roots are generally freely produced. It is important to stake the plant very firmly to prevent rock, and also to give it plenty of water until re-established - removing many of the leaves can also help[8].

This species is sometimes cultivated for its edible fruit and seed plus its many other uses[11]. It is a very slow-growing plant that takes several years before it begins to form a trunk and takes up to 60 years to produce seed[11]. The tree is becoming very rare in its native range because it has been widely exploited for its edible sap. The trees are beheaded and a large quantity of sap exudes from the trunk. Unfortunately, the tree cannot produce side branches and so it dies after this treatment[11].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Jubaea chilensis. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Jubaea chilensis.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Jubaea chilensis
Genus
Jubaea
Family
Palmae
Imported References
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
8
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    12 x 5 meters
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Kew.gardens.chilean.wine.palm.london.arp.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.4 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.23.3 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.54.6 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.4 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.4 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.48.5 McMillan-Browse. P. Palms for Cooler Climates. Trebah Enterprises. ISBN 0 9521952 0 8 (1993-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.111.211.311.411.511.6 ? Flora of Chile. (in Spanish) ()
    12. ? Taylor. J. The Milder Garden. Dent (1990-00-00)
    13. ? Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Conservatory and Indoor Plants Volumes 1 & 2 Pan Books, London. ISBN 0-330-37376-5 (1998-00-00)

    "image:Kew.gardens.chilean.wine.palm.london.arp.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Jubaea chilensis"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyPalmae +
    Belongs to genusJubaea +
    Has binomial nameJubaea chilensis +
    Has common nameChilean Wine Palm +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partFruit +, Unknown part +, Sap + and Seed +
    Has edible useUnknown use + and Oil +
    Has flowers of typeMonoecious +
    Has growth rateSlow +
    Has hardiness zone8 +
    Has imageKew.gardens.chilean.wine.palm.london.arp.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useBasketry +, Brush +, Paper +, Stuffing + and Thatching +
    Has mature height12 +
    Has mature width5 +
    Has primary imageKew.gardens.chilean.wine.palm.london.arp.jpg +
    Has search namejubaea chilensis + and chilean wine palm +
    Has shade toleranceNo shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameJubaea chilensis +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Inhabits ecosystem nicheSecondary canopy +
    Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Jubaea chilensis +, Jubaea chilensis +, Jubaea chilensis +, Jubaea chilensis +, Jubaea chilensis +, Jubaea chilensis +, Jubaea chilensis +, Jubaea chilensis + and Jubaea chilensis +