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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw or cooked[1][2][3]. They can be dried when they have the sweet flavour and texture of raisins and can be used similarly[4]. The fruit is sweet and fragrant[5][6] with a pear-like flavour[7]. Dry and sub-acid[8]. It is not a true fruit but a swollen receptacle[9]. The fruit is up to 3cm long[1], it contains 11.4% glucose, 4.7% fructose and 12.6% sucrose[7]. A sweet extract of the seed, boughs and young leaves is used as a substitute for honey[4]. The seed contains 15% protein and 7.8% fat[7].

Fruit

Unknown part

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Hovenia dulcis.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Antispasmodic, febrifuge, laxative[6][10].

The fruit is antispasmodic, febrifuge, laxative and diuretic[7]. The seeds are diuretic and are used in the treatment of alcohol overdose[7]. The seeds are used to relieve intoxication due to wine[11].

The stem bark is used in the treatment of rectal diseases[7].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Secondary canopy

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - germinates freely if sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[9]. Stored seed should be scarified and sown in early spring[12], it may not germinate for a year. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when large enough to handle and grow on for at least their first winter in a greenhouse. Plant out in late spring after the last expected frosts and give some winter protection for their first couple of years outdoors.

Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame[9].

Cuttings of mature wood, late autumn in a frame[9].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Hovenia dulcis. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Grows well in a fertile sandy loam in a sunny position[9].

Although the dormant plant is hardy to at least -15°c in Britain, it really prefers a continental climate to fully ripen its wood, it is then hardy to about -25°c[9]. The shoot tips are sometimes damaged by winter frosts in Britain[13] and the young growth in spring can also be damaged by late frosts[K]. The Japanese raisin tree is said to grow well in Cornwall[14], though our experience of this plant so far (1995) is that it is very difficult to establish. Perhaps older plants are as hardy as the reports above suggest, but younger plants are quite tender and often die in their first few winters outdoors[K]. The Japanese raisin tree is cultivated for its edible fruit in Japan.

The small white flowers are scented and are produced in terminal cymes[15].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Hovenia dulcis. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Hovenia dulcis.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Hovenia dulcis
Genus
Hovenia
Family
Rhamnaceae
Imported References
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    10 x 7 meters
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Hovenia dulcis.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Hovenia dulcis.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


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    "image:Hovenia dulcis.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Hovenia dulcis.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Hovenia dulcis.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Hovenia dulcis.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Hovenia dulcis.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Hovenia dulcis.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Hovenia dulcis.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.2 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.2 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Gupta. B. L. Forest Flora of Chakrata, Dehra Dun and Saharanpur. Forest Research Institute Press (1945-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.3 ? A Barefoot Doctors Manual. Running Press ISBN 0-914294-92-X ()
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.47.57.67.7 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.19.29.39.49.59.69.7 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.1 Stuart. Rev. G. A. Chinese Materia Medica. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre ()
    11. ? 11.011.1 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
    12. ? Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
    13. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    14. ? Thurston. Trees and Shrubs in Cornwall. ()
    15. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
    16. ? Wilson. E. H. Plantae Wilsonae. ()

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    Facts about "Hovenia dulcis"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyRhamnaceae +
    Belongs to genusHovenia +
    Has binomial nameHovenia dulcis +
    Has common nameJapanese Raisin Tree +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partFruit + and Unknown part +
    Has edible useUnknown use + and Sweetener +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone6 +
    Has imageHovenia dulcis.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has mature height10 +
    Has mature width7 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAntispasmodic +, Febrifuge + and Laxative +
    Has primary imageHovenia dulcis.jpg +
    Has search namehovenia dulcis + and japanese raisin tree +
    Has shade toleranceNo shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy + and Loamy +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameHovenia dulcis +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Inhabits ecosystem nicheSecondary canopy +
    Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Hovenia dulcis +, Hovenia dulcis +, Hovenia dulcis +, Hovenia dulcis + and Hovenia dulcis +