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Uses

Edible uses

There are no edible uses listed for Fraxinus nigra.

Material uses

Logs of wood can be beaten with mauls to separate the growth layers, these layers can then be cut into strips and woven into baskets[1].

A blue dye can be obtained from the bark[1].

Wood - not strong, rather soft, durable, heavy, tough, coarse-grained, easily separated into thin layers. It weighs 39lb per cubic foot. Largely used for making furniture, cabinet making, interior finish and veneer[2][3][4][5][6][7]. The wood makes a good fuel, it does not crackle or shoot sparks like many other woods[1]. If the wood is soaked in water and then pounded, it separates easily into thin sheets[8]. These sheets have then been used to make woven baskets, barrel hoops, chair seats etc[8].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The leaves are diaphoretic, diuretic, laxative[9]. They should be gathered in June, well dried and stored in airtight containers[9]. The inner bark has been used as a tonic for the liver and stomach, to check vaginal discharge and to treat painful urination[1]. An infusion of the inner bark has been used as an eye wash for sore eyes[1].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Canopy

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

The seed is best harvested green - as soon as it is fully developed but before it has fully dried on the tree - and can then be sown immediately in a cold frame[10]. It usually germinates in the spring[10]. Stored seed requires a period of cold stratification and is best sown as soon as possible in a cold frame[11]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions or a nursery bed in late spring or early summer of the following year. If you have sufficient seed then it is possible to sow it directly into an outdoor seedbed, preferably in the autumn. Grow the seedlings on in the seedbed for 2 years before transplanting either to their permanent positions or to nursery beds.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Fraxinus nigra. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a deep loamy soil, even if it is on the heavy side[12][11]. Most members of this genus are gross feeders and require a rich soil[13][11]. A plant of swamps in the wild, in Britain this species requires a moist to wet soil[11]. It succeeds when growing in exposed positions[11] and also in alkaline soils[13]. Plants are tolerant of atmospheric pollution[11].

A moderate to slow-growing tree in the wild[6], it is not a great success in Britain, where it is often damaged by late frosts[13]. This species is closely related to F. mandschurica[11].

Trees can bear hermaphrodite flowers, separate male and female flowers, or flowers of one sex only[6].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Fraxinus nigra. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Fraxinus nigra.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Fraxinus nigra
Genus
Fraxinus
Family
Oleaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
7
Heat Zone
?
Water
high
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Fraxinus nigra leaves.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Fraxinus nigra leaves.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Fraxinus nigra leaves.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Fraxinus nigra leaves.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Fraxinus nigra leaves.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Fraxinus nigra leaves.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Fraxinus nigra leaves.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Fraxinus nigra leaves.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Fraxinus nigra leaves.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Fraxinus nigra leaves.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Fraxinus nigra leaves.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Fraxinus nigra leaves.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.41.51.6 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Sargent. C. S. Manual of the Trees of N. America. Dover Publications Inc. New York. ISBN 0-486-20278-X (1965-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Hill. A. F. Economic Botany. The Maple Press (1952-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.3 Elias. T. The Complete Trees of N. America. Field Guide and Natural History. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. ISBN 0442238622 (1980-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.1 Britton. N. L. Brown. A. An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada Dover Publications. New York. ISBN 0-486-22642-5 (1970-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.2 Lauriault. J. Identification Guide to the Trees of Canada Fitzhenry and Whiteside, Ontario. ISBN 0889025649 (1989-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.2 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.1 McMillan-Browse. P. Hardy Woody Plants from Seed. Grower Books ISBN 0-901361-21-6 (1985-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.111.211.311.411.511.611.7 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  12. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.113.213.3 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  14. ? Fernald. M. L. Gray's Manual of Botany. American Book Co. (1950-00-00)

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Facts about "Fraxinus nigra"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyOleaceae +
Belongs to genusFraxinus +
Has binomial nameFraxinus nigra +
Has common nameBlack Ash +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has environmental toleranceHigh wind +
Has fertility typeSelf sterile + and Wind +
Has flowers of typeDioecious +
Has hardiness zone7 +
Has imageFraxinus nigra leaves.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useBasketry +, Dye +, Fuel + and Wood +
Has mature height25 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useDiaphoretic +, Diuretic +, Laxative +, Ophthalmic + and Tonic +
Has primary imageFraxinus nigra leaves.jpg +
Has search namefraxinus nigra + and black ash +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameFraxinus nigra +
Has water requirementshigh +
Inhabits ecosystem nicheCanopy +
Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedYes +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Fraxinus nigra +, Fraxinus nigra +, Fraxinus nigra +, Fraxinus nigra +, Fraxinus nigra +, Fraxinus nigra +, Fraxinus nigra +, Fraxinus nigra + and Fraxinus nigra +