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Uses

Toxic parts

None known

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw or cooked[1][2]. The fruit has an exquisitely rich flavour when it is fully ripe (almost at the point of going bad), but it is very harsh and astringent before then[K]. The fruit may not ripen properly in a cool summer, though if it is frosted it normally develops a very good flavour[K]. The fruit can be dried, when it acquires a date-like flavour[3][4]. The fruit can also be harvested in the autumn, preferably after a frost, and bletted[4]. (This is a process where the fruit is kept in a cool place and only eaten when it is very soft and almost at the point of going rotten). The fruit of trees in a fairly sunny position at Kew ripens on the tree in most years and produces fertile seed[K]. The fruit contains about 1.9% protein, 0.2% fat, 47.7% carbohydrate, 1% ash[5]. Fruits are about the size of a large cherry, they turn from yellow to blue-black when fully ripe[4]. The fruit is about 20mm in diameter[6].

Fruit

Material uses

Sometimes used as a rootstock for D. kaki[4]. Wood - durable, pliable, resists rot. Used for construction, general carpentry etc[7].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The fruit is febrifuge[8][9]. It is also used to promote secretions[9]. The seed is regarded in China as being sedative[9].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Secondary canopy

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe[10][6]. Stored seed requires a period of cold-stratification and should be sown as early in the year as possible[11]. It usually germinates in 1 - 6 months at 15°c[12]. Pot up the young seedlings as soon as they are large enough to handle into fairly deep pots and plant them out into their permanent positions in early summer. Give them some protection from winter cold for their first year or two outdoors. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame[6]. Layering in spring[6].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Diospyros lotus. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a good deep loamy soil in sun or light shade[6]. When being grown for its fruit, the tree should be given a warm, sheltered, sunny position[K]. It dislikes very acid or wet and poorly drained soils[6]. Dormant plants are very cold-hardy, but the young growth in spring, even on mature plants, is frost-tender and so it is best to grow the plants in a position sheltered from the early morning sun[K]. Dioecious, but the female tree can produce seedless fruits in the absence of a pollinator[13]. It is likely that unfertilized fruits are more astringent than fertilized fruits since this is the case with D. kaki[K]. Plants have a long tap root and are difficult to transplant[6], it is best to plant them out in their permanent position as soon as possible and to give protection overwinter for the first year or two[K]. This species is sometimes cultivated for its edible fruit in Italy and E. Asia, there are some named varieties[14][4].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Diospyros lotus. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Diospyros lotus.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Diospyros lotus
Genus
Diospyros
Family
Ebenaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    9 x 6 meters
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Küçük meyveli Trabzon hurmas?.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Küçük meyveli Trabzon hurmas?.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-01-01)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Simmons. A. E. Growing Unusual Fruit. David and Charles ISBN 0-7153-5531-7 (1972-01-01)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-01-01)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.54.6 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-01-01)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Reid. B. E. Famine Foods of the Chiu-Huang Pen-ts'ao. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre (1977-01-01)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.46.56.66.76.8 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-01-01)
    7. ? 7.07.17.2 Komarov. V. L. Flora of the USSR. Israel Program for Scientific Translation (1968-01-01)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Stuart. Rev. G. A. Chinese Materia Medica. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre ()
    9. ? 9.09.19.29.3 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-01-01)
    10. ? Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-01-01)
    11. ? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-01-01)
    12. ? Bird. R. (Editor) Focus on Plants. Volume 5. (formerly 'Growing from seed') Thompson and Morgan. (1991-01-01)
    13. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-01-01)
    14. ? Brouk. B. Plants Consumed by Man. Academic Press ISBN 0-12-136450-x (1975-01-01)
    15. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PFAFimport-11
    Facts about "Diospyros lotus"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Belongs to familyEbenaceae +
    Belongs to genusDiospyros +
    Has binomial nameDiospyros lotus +
    Has common nameDate Plum +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partFruit +
    Has edible useUnknown use +
    Has fertility typeSelf sterile +
    Has flowers of typeDioecious +
    Has growth rateModerate +
    Has hardiness zone5 +
    Has imageKüçük meyveli Trabzon hurması.JPG +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useWood +
    Has mature height9 +
    Has mature width6 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useFebrifuge + and Sedative +
    Has primary imageKüçük meyveli Trabzon hurması.JPG +
    Has search namediospyros lotus + and date plum +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameDiospyros lotus +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Inhabits ecosystem nicheSecondary canopy +
    Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedYes +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF material use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedYes +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Diospyros lotus +, Diospyros lotus +, Diospyros lotus + and Diospyros lotus +