This article has been marked as incomplete and in need of reformatting. Please help us to improve it.

Practical Plants is a community wiki. You can edit this page to improve the quality of the information it contains. To learn how, please read the editing guide.

Uses

Edible uses

There are no edible uses listed for Cupressus macrocarpa.

Material uses

A good fast growing hedge for the milder areas of Britain, tolerating maritime exposure[1][2][3]. It can be trimmed so long as it is not cut back into old wood. Wood - heavy, hard, strong, close-grained and very durable[4]. Used for general construction[5][6].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

A decoction of the foliage has been used in the treatment of rheumatism[7].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Canopy

Ecological Functions

Hedge


Windbreak

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow late winter in a cold frame and only just cover the seed[8]. Three weeks cold stratification can improve germination rates[8]. The seed usually germinates in 1 - 2 months at 20°c. The seedlings are very subject to damping off so should be watered with care and kept well-ventilated[9]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. The seed can store for several years[9]. Cuttings of almost ripe wood, September in a frost-proof frame[10]. April/May is the best time to take cuttings[9].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Cupressus macrocarpa. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Thrives in a well-drained loamy or peaty soil[1]. Very tolerant of hot dry conditions[11]. Tolerates poor sandy soils[11] but is then more subject to insect damage in a succession of dry seasons[1]. Requires a sunny position[11]. Plants are not happy when growing on chalk, but they thrive on limestone[12]. Very tolerant of maritime exposure[1][3][4] but plants are not very wind firm in shallow soils[13]. Young trees require staking when planted in very exposed positions[3].

This species is somewhat tender in Britain, especially when young and at least in the north of the country Established trees, however, will tolerate occasional temperatures down to about -10°c and are hardy in most British winters[1][11][14]. A tree is 25 metres tall at Kew (1988) but in general they grow better in the western maritime zone[1]. The variety 'Lutea' is hardier than the type and is also more tolerant of wind and salt spray as well as of trimming[15]. New growth takes place from May to September and can be very vigorous when young with new shoots 1 metre long and increases in girth of 5cm or more a year even in old trees[15]. Trees in a very exposed maritime position at Rosewarne in N. Cornwall were 12 metres tall after 30 years[3]. Resents root disturbance, it is best planted out when the roots are in active growth in early autumn or spring[11]. Often planted for shelter and ornament, and also occasionally for timber in W. and S. Europe[5]. The cones ripen in their second year[4]. They can remain closed on the tree for a number of years, opening after the heat of a forest fire to scatter their seeds which then germinate and grow quickly in the ashes of the fire[12]. The crushed leaves have a strong scent of lemon verbena[15].

Trees are notably susceptible to honey fungus[12].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Cupressus macrocarpa. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Cupressus macrocarpa.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Cupressus macrocarpa
Genus
Cupressus
Family
Cupressaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
8
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

"image:Pebble Beach tree.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Pebble Beach tree.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Pebble Beach tree.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Pebble Beach tree.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Pebble Beach tree.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Pebble Beach tree.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Pebble Beach tree.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Pebble Beach tree.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Pebble Beach tree.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Pebble Beach tree.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Pebble Beach tree.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Pebble Beach tree.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Pebble Beach tree.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Pebble Beach tree.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Pebble Beach tree.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Pebble Beach tree.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Pebble Beach tree.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Pebble Beach tree.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.41.51.61.7 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Shepherd. F.W. Hedges and Screens. Royal Horticultural Society. ISBN 0900629649 (1974-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.4 Rosewarne experimental horticultural station. Shelter Trees and Hedges. Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (1984-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.3 Sargent. C. S. Manual of the Trees of N. America. Dover Publications Inc. New York. ISBN 0-486-20278-X (1965-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.2 ? Flora Europaea Cambridge University Press (1964-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.1 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.1 Bird. R. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 4. Thompson and Morgan. (1990-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.2 Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
  10. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.111.211.311.4 Rushforth. K. Conifers. Christopher Helm ISBN 0-7470-2801-X (1987-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.112.212.3 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  13. ? Taylor. J. The Milder Garden. Dent (1990-00-00)
  14. ? Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Conservatory and Indoor Plants Volumes 1 & 2 Pan Books, London. ISBN 0-330-37376-5 (1998-00-00)
  15. ? 15.015.115.2 Mitchell. A. F. Conifers in the British Isles. HMSO ISBN 0-11-710012-9 (1975-00-00)

"image:Pebble Beach tree.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Cupressus macrocarpa"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyCupressaceae +
Belongs to genusCupressus +
Functions asHedge + and Windbreak +
Has binomial nameCupressus macrocarpa +
Has common nameMonterey Cypress +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has environmental toleranceMaritime exposure +, High wind + and Drought +
Has fertility typeWind +
Has flowers of typeMonoecious +
Has growth rateVigorous +
Has hardiness zone8 +
Has imagePebble Beach tree.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useWood +
Has mature height25 +
Has mature width25 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAntirheumatic +
Has primary imagePebble Beach tree.jpg +
Has search namecupressus macrocarpa + and monterey cypress +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameCupressus macrocarpa +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Inhabits ecosystem nicheCanopy +
Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedYes +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates maritime exposureYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Cupressus macrocarpa + and Cupressus macrocarpa +