Fruit - raw or cooked
. A good size with a soft juicy texture and an acid/sweet apple-like flavour that is very nice raw when fully ripe[11, 183, K]. The fruit can also be used in making pies, preserves, etc, and can be dried for later use. The fruit is up to 25mm in diameter
. There are up to five fairly large seeds in the centre of the fruit, these often stick together and so the effect is of eating a cherry-like fruit with a single seed[K].
Wood - heavy, hard, tough, close-grained. Useful for making tool handles, mallets and other small items
Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, the fruits and flowers of many hawthorns are well-known in herbal folk medicine as a heart tonic and modern research has borne out this use. The fruits and flowers have a hypotensive effect as well as acting as a direct and mild heart tonic
. They are especially indicated in the treatment of weak heart combined with high blood pressure
. Prolonged use is necessary for it to be efficacious
. It is normally used either as a tea or a tincture
Seed - this is best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn in a cold frame, some of the seed will germinate in the spring, though most will probably take another year. Stored seed can be very slow and erratic to germinate, it should be warm stratified for 3 months at 15°c and then cold stratified for another 3 months at 4°c
. It may still take another 18 months to germinate
. Scarifying the seed before stratifying it might reduce this time
. Fermenting the seed for a few days in its own pulp may also speed up the germination process[K]. Another possibility is to harvest the seed 'green' (as soon as the embryo has fully developed but before the seedcoat hardens) and sow it immediately in a cold frame. If timed well, it can germinate in the spring
. If you are only growing small quantities of plants, it is best to pot up the seedlings as soon as they are large enough to handle and grow them on in individual pots for their first year, planting them out in late spring into nursery beds or their final positions. When growing larger quantities, it might be best to sow them directly outdoors in a seedbed, but with protection from mice and other seed-eating creatures. Grow them on in the seedbed until large enough to plant out, but undercut the roots if they are to be left undisturbed for more than two years.
Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Crataegus tanacetifolia. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.
A very easily grown plant, it prefers a well-drained moisture retentive loamy soil but is not at all fussy
. Once established, it succeeds in excessively moist soils and also tolerates drought
. It grows well on a chalk soil and also in heavy clay soils
. A position in full sun is best when plants are being grown for their fruit, they also succeed in semi-shade though fruit yields and quality will be lower in such a position
. Most members of this genus succeed in exposed positions, they also tolerate atmospheric pollution
Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus.
Seedling trees take from 5 - 8 years before they start bearing fruit, though grafted trees will often flower heavily in their third year[K].
Unlike most members of this genus, the flowers are sweetly scented and free from the smell of decaying fish.
Seedlings should not be left in a seedbed for more than 2 years without being transplanted.
This species has an excellent potential as a fruit crop in Britain. The fruit is of a reasonable size, it is usually very freely borne and the quality is very acceptable for dessert[K]. The tree is very easily grown and is little troubled by pests or diseases. It also requires very little attention, once the trees are established virtually the only work needed is to harvest the fruit each year[K]. A tree at Cambridge Botanical Gardens was about 6 metres tall and 4 metres wide in September 1993. It usually carries a very good crop of fruit[K].
A very ornamental plant
, it is closely related to C. laciniata
Problems, pests & diseases
Associations & Interactions
There are no interactions listed for Crataegus tanacetifolia. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.
Polycultures & Guilds
There are no polycultures listed which include Crataegus tanacetifolia.
This table shows all the data stored for this plant.
Material uses & Functions
Native Climate Zones
Adapted Climate Zones
Native Geographical Range
Root Zone Tendancy
? 1.01.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
? 2.02.1 Simmons. A. E. Growing Unusual Fruit. David and Charles ISBN 0-7153-5531-7 (1972-00-00)
? 3.03.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
? 4.04.14.24.22.214.171.124.74.8 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
? 5.05.15.2 Komarov. V. L. Flora of the USSR. Israel Program for Scientific Translation (1968-00-00)
? 6.06.1 Sargent. C. S. Manual of the Trees of N. America. Dover Publications Inc. New York. ISBN 0-486-20278-X (1965-00-00)
? 7.07.17.27.37.4 Foster. S. & Duke. J. A. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Eastern and Central N. America. Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN 0395467225 (1990-00-00)
? Bird. R. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 4. Thompson and Morgan. (1990-00-00)
? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
? 10.010.1 McMillan-Browse. P. Hardy Woody Plants from Seed. Grower Books ISBN 0-901361-21-6 (1985-00-00)
? 11.011.111.211.311.4 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)