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Edible uses

There are no edible uses listed for Cladrastis lutea.

Material uses

A clear yellow dye is obtained from the heartwood[1][2][3]. Wood - relatively heavy, very hard, strong, close grained, durable and takes a beautiful polish[4][1][2][3][5]. It weighs 39lb per cubic foot[6] and is a good fuel[3].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Cladrastis lutea.


Ecosystem niche/layer


Ecological Functions

Nitrogen fixer


Nothing listed.


Nothing listed.


Seed - can be sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[7]. Stored seed should be pre-soaked for 24 hours in warm water and then sown in a greenhouse in late winter[7][8][9]. Three months cold stratification at 5°c can reduce the germination time[9]. Germination usually takes place within 1 - 3 months at 10°c[8]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the cold frame for at least their first winter. Plant them out in late spring or early summer after the last expected frosts. Root cuttings, 5 - 7cm long, December in a greenhouse. Good percentage[7].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Cladrastis lutea. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.


Prefers a rich well-drained loamy soil in a very sunny position[4][9]. Tolerates slightly acid to very alkaline soils[9].

A very ornamental plant[10], when dormant it is hardy to -30°c or lower[9]. However, plants can be excited into early spring growth in the mild climate of Britain and that growth is very susceptible to frost damage[9]. A slow-growing but moderately long-lived tree in the wild[5]. The branches are brittle and can be broken off in strong winds[11][9]. The plants contain a copious watery sap and can bleed profusely if they are pruned in winter or spring[3][9]. Any pruning is best done in late summer[9]. This species often only flowers in alternate years in the wild[3]. The flowers are produced most freely after a long hot summer[9]. The flowers have a soft scent of vanilla[12].

This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[9].


Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Cladrastis lutea. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Cladrastis lutea.




None listed.


None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Binomial name
Cladrastis lutea
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
full sun
no shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    15 x 8 meters
    Flower Colour
    Flower Type


    1. ? Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    2. ? Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    3. ? Sargent. C. S. Manual of the Trees of N. America. Dover Publications Inc. New York. ISBN 0-486-20278-X (1965-00-00)
    4. ? Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    5. ? Elias. T. The Complete Trees of N. America. Field Guide and Natural History. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. ISBN 0442238622 (1980-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Britton. N. L. Brown. A. An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada Dover Publications. New York. ISBN 0-486-22642-5 (1970-00-00)
    7. ? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Bird. R. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 4. Thompson and Morgan. (1990-00-00)
    9. ? Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    10. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    11. ? Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-00-00)
    12. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
    13. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PFAFimport-43

    Facts about "Cladrastis lutea"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyLeguminosae +
    Belongs to genusCladrastis +
    Functions asNitrogen fixer +
    Has binomial nameCladrastis lutea +
    Has common nameYellow Wood +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has fertility typeInsects +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has growth rateSlow +
    Has hardiness zone3 +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useDye +, Fuel + and Wood +
    Has mature height15 +
    Has mature width8 +
    Has search namecladrastis lutea + and yellow wood +
    Has shade toleranceNo shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral +, Alkaline + and Very alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameCladrastis lutea +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Inhabits ecosystem nicheCanopy +
    Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Cladrastis lutea +, Cladrastis lutea + and Cladrastis lutea +