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Uses

Edible uses

There are no edible uses listed for Chamaecyparis thyoides.

Material uses

Plants can be grown as a tall hedge[1] They are very tolerant of clipping so long as this does not extend into the brown barked wood since trees cannot regenerate from this[1]. Any trimming should be done in the summer[1]. Wood - soft, not strong, close grained, very durable, easily worked, light, slightly fragrant. It weighs 21lb per cubic foot. It is commonly used for woodenware, cooperage, fence posts, interior finish of houses etc[2][3][4][5][6][7]. Wood found buried in swamps for hundreds of years is perfectly sound and not water-logged[8].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

A decoction of the leaves has been used as a herbal steam for treating headaches and backaches[9]. A poultice made from the crushed leaves and bark has been applied to the head to treat headaches[9].
There are no medicinal uses listed for Chamaecyparis thyoides.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Canopy

Ecological Functions

Hedge

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow March/April in a seedbed outdoors[10]. The seed is best sown in pots in a frame[K]. Seed can take 18 months to germinate. One month warm then one month cold stratification has produced good results[11]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter, planting them out in late spring after the last expected frosts. Cuttings in late summer or autumn in sandy soil in a cold frame[12][8][1]. Difficult, it may be best done in late winter to early spring[11].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Chamaecyparis thyoides. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in most soils and situations, but prefers abundant moisture and a deep loamy soil and a sheltered position[12][8]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Survives on dry alkaline soils[1]. Growth of trees is hardly affected by a lack of phosphate in the soil. Plants are moderately shade tolerant, especially when young[13][1]. Plants are tolerant of atmospheric pollution according to one report[1], whilst another says that they do not do well in a polluted atmosphere[12]. This species is especially well adapted for planting in cold wet places[12].

Plants are hardy to about -35°c[1]. A long-lived tree in the wild with specimens more than 1,000 years old[14]. It is slow growing in cultivation[1], trees rarely grow more than 20cm in a year[15]. The branches become brittle with age[12]. A very polymorphic species, there are many named varieties[1]. The crushed foliage has a rather gingery hot aroma[15]. Favoured by many birds for roosting, high cover and especially for nesting, large specimens of this tree help to attract songbirds to the garden[1].

Trees are notably susceptible to honey fungus[1].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Chamaecyparis thyoides. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Chamaecyparis thyoides.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Chamaecyparis thyoides
Genus
Chamaecyparis
Family
Cupressaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
high
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
10 x 3 meters
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Chamaecyparis thyoides detail.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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References

  1. ? 1.001.011.021.031.041.051.061.071.081.091.101.111.121.13 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.2 Fernald. M. L. Gray's Manual of Botany. American Book Co. (1950-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Sargent. C. S. Manual of the Trees of N. America. Dover Publications Inc. New York. ISBN 0-486-20278-X (1965-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.1 Hill. A. F. Economic Botany. The Maple Press (1952-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.1 Britton. N. L. Brown. A. An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada Dover Publications. New York. ISBN 0-486-22642-5 (1970-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.4 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.2 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
  10. ? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.1 Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.112.212.312.4 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  13. ? Rushforth. K. Conifers. Christopher Helm ISBN 0-7470-2801-X (1987-00-00)
  14. ? Elias. T. The Complete Trees of N. America. Field Guide and Natural History. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. ISBN 0442238622 (1980-00-00)
  15. ? 15.015.1 Mitchell. A. F. Conifers in the British Isles. HMSO ISBN 0-11-710012-9 (1975-00-00)

"image:Chamaecyparis thyoides detail.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Chamaecyparis thyoides"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyCupressaceae +
Belongs to genusChamaecyparis +
Functions asHedge +
Has binomial nameChamaecyparis thyoides +
Has common nameWhite Cypress +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has environmental toleranceHigh wind +
Has fertility typeWind +
Has flowers of typeMonoecious +
Has growth rateSlow +
Has hardiness zone5 +
Has imageChamaecyparis thyoides detail.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useWood +
Has mature height10 +
Has mature width3 +
Has primary imageChamaecyparis thyoides detail.jpg +
Has search namechamaecyparis thyoides + and white cypress +
Has shade toleranceLight shade +
Has soil ph preferenceVery acid +, Acid +, Neutral +, Alkaline + and Very alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy +, Clay + and Heavy clay +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameChamaecyparis thyoides +
Has water requirementshigh +
Inhabits ecosystem nicheCanopy +
Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedYes +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Chamaecyparis thyoides +