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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Flowers - raw[1][2][3]. A sweetish-acid taste, they are a nice addition to the salad bowl[11, 183, K]. The flower buds are pickled and used as a condiment[4]. Seedpods - raw[1].

Flowers

Seedpod

Material uses

Wood - very hard, beautifully grained, takes a very fine polish. Used for veneers[2][5].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Cercis siliquastrum.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Secondary canopy

Ecological Functions

Nitrogen fixer

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[5]. Pre-soak stored seed for 24 hours in warm water then cold stratify for 3 months[6]. Sow spring in the greenhouse[7]. As soon as they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Plants resent root disturbance and are best planted out in their permanent positions as soon as possible[8]. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame[5].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Cercis siliquastrum. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in most soils and pH types, but dislikes growing in wet soils, especially when these are of clay[5]. Prefers a deep sandy loam and a very sunny position[8][9]. Thrives on chalk[8][10] and in dry sandy soils[10]. Probably does best on a poorish soil[11]. Succeeds in light shade[5]. Dislikes drought[5].

Dormant plants are hardy to about -15°c[12]. The young growth in spring, even on mature plants, is frost-tender and so it is best to grow the plants in a position sheltered from the early morning sun[K]. Plants do not generally thrive at Kew, they prefer a hotter, continental climate in order to fully ripen their wood[8]. One report says that plants require cool greenhouse treatment in Britain[13], though several good specimens have been seen outdoors in this country[K]. The tree often does not flower freely in Britain, especially if the previous summer was cool. Plants are susceptible to coral spot fungus, especially when growing in areas with cool summers where the wood is not fully ripened[8]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[5]. Resents root disturbance, plants should be planted into their permanent positions as soon as possible, preferably in May, and should be kept well watered until established[8]. Any pruning is best carried out in the winter[12]. A very ornamental plant[13], flowering well in Cornwall[14]. It flowers better when growing in a continental climate[5]. The flowers are produced on the branches of the previous or earlier years, and also on the trunk of the plant[15]. A good bee plant[16].

This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[5].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Cercis siliquastrum. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Cercis siliquastrum.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Cercis siliquastrum
Genus
Cercis
Family
Leguminosae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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References

  1. ? 1.01.11.2 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.3 Polunin. O. and Huxley. A. Flowers of the Mediterranean. Hogarth Press ISBN 0-7012-0784-1 (1987-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  5. ? 5.005.015.025.035.045.055.065.075.085.095.10 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  6. ? Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
  7. ? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.48.58.6 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  9. ? Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.1 Gordon. A. G. and Rowe. D. C. f. Seed Manual for Ornamental Trees and Shrubs. ()
  11. ? 11.011.1 Arnold-Forster. Shrubs for the Milder Counties. ()
  12. ? 12.012.1 Davis. B. Climbers and Wall Shrubs. Viking. ISBN 0-670-82929-3 (1990-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  14. ? Thurston. Trees and Shrubs in Cornwall. ()
  15. ? Sargent. C. S. Manual of the Trees of N. America. Dover Publications Inc. New York. ISBN 0-486-20278-X (1965-00-00)
  16. ? International Bee Research Association. Garden Plants Valuable to Bees. International Bee Research Association. (1981-00-00)

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Facts about "Cercis siliquastrum"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyLeguminosae +
Belongs to genusCercis +
Functions asNitrogen fixer +
Has binomial nameCercis siliquastrum +
Has common nameJudas Tree +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has edible partFlowers + and Seedpod +
Has edible useUnknown use +
Has environmental toleranceDrought +
Has fertility typeBees +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has growth rateModerate +
Has hardiness zone6 +
Has imageTree flower dsc00981.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useWood +
Has mature height12 +
Has mature width10 +
Has primary imageTree flower dsc00981.jpg +
Has search namecercis siliquastrum + and judas tree +
Has shade toleranceLight shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral +, Alkaline + and Very alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameCercis siliquastrum +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Inhabits ecosystem nicheSecondary canopy +
Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedYes +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Cercis siliquastrum +, Cercis siliquastrum + and Cercis siliquastrum +