This article has been marked as incomplete and in need of reformatting. Please help us to improve it.

Practical Plants is a community wiki. You can edit this page to improve the quality of the information it contains. To learn how, please read the editing guide.

Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Seed - raw or cooked[1][2][3][4]. Eaten raw, there is a distinct astringency, especially if the fleshy inner skin beneath the outer shell of the seed is not removed[K]. When cooked, however, and especially when baked, the seed becomes much sweeter and has a floury texture[K]. It then makes an excellent food and can be used as a staple food in much the same way as potatoes or cereals[K]. The skin (or pellicle) of the seed is easily peeled[5]. The seed is low in fats and oils but high in carbohydrates[5]. A nutritional analysis is available[6].

Material uses

The bark, leaves, wood and seed husks all contain tannin. Wood - hard, strong, light. Used for fence posts etc[7]. Coppiced for fuel.

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The burrs (seed cases?) are rich in tannin and are astringent and stomachic[8][6]. A decoction is used in the treatment of diarrhoea, uncontrollable nose bleed, dysentery, regurgitation and profound thirst[8].

The flowers are used in the treatment of scrofula[6].

The stem bark is used to treat poisoned wounds whilst the stem sap is used to treat lacquer poisoning[6].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Canopy

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - where possible sow the seed as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame or in a seed bed outdoors[9]. The seed must be protected from mice and squirrels. The seed has a short viability and must not be allowed to become dry. It can be stored in a cool place, such as the salad compartment of a fridge, for a few months if it is kept moist, but check regularly for signs of germination. The seed should germinate in late winter or early spring. If sown in an outdoor seedbed, the plants can be left in situ for 1 - 2 years before planting them out in their permanent positions. If grown in pots, the plants can be put out into their permanent positions in the summer or autumn, making sure to give them some protection from the cold in their first winter[K].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Castanea mollissima. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a good well-drained slightly acid loam but succeeds in dry soils[10][7][11]. Once established, it is very drought tolerant[10][7][11]. Very tolerant of highly acid, infertile dry sands[11]. Averse to calcareous soils but succeeds on harder limestones[7][11].

Although very winter-hardy, this species does not do well in Britain, it only really thrives in areas with hot summers[11]. Does not fruit well in Britain[7][11]. A tree in semi-shade at Kew in 1990 was 9 metres tall[K]. Extensively cultivated for its edible seed in China, and also much grown in America, there are a number of named varieties[12][5][11][13]. Plants can fruit in 5 - 7 years from seed[12] and yields from mature trees are around 25 - 60 kilos per tree[14]. Resistant, but not immune, to blight[5], it is hybridized with C. dentata to try and find blight resistant cultivars with superior seeds[11]. A shallow rooted tree[14]. Responds well to coppicing[7][15]. An excellent soil-enriching understorey in pine forests[11]. Flowers are produced on wood of the current year's growth[16]. Plants are fairly self-sterile[11]. They hybridize freely with other members of this genus[11].

Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[11].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Castanea mollissima. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Castanea mollissima.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Castanea mollissima
Genus
Castanea
Family
Fagaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
4
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

"image:Castanea mollissima.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Castanea mollissima.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Castanea mollissima.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Castanea mollissima.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Castanea mollissima.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Castanea mollissima.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Castanea mollissima.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Castanea mollissima.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Castanea mollissima.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Castanea mollissima.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Castanea mollissima.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Castanea mollissima.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Castanea mollissima.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Castanea mollissima.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Castanea mollissima.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? 1.01.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Howes. F. N. Nuts. Faber (1948-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.4 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.46.5 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.47.57.67.7 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.2 ? A Barefoot Doctors Manual. Running Press ISBN 0-914294-92-X ()
  9. ? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  11. ? 11.0011.0111.0211.0311.0411.0511.0611.0711.0811.0911.1011.1111.12 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.1 Rosengarten. jnr. F. The Book of Edible Nuts. Walker & Co. ISBN 0802707699 (1984-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.1 [Flora of China] (1994-00-00)
  14. ? 14.014.1 Natural Food Institute, Wonder Crops. 1987. ()
  15. ? Wilson. E. H. Plantae Wilsonae. ()
  16. ? Elias. T. The Complete Trees of N. America. Field Guide and Natural History. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. ISBN 0442238622 (1980-00-00)

"image:Castanea mollissima.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Castanea mollissima"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyFagaceae +
Belongs to genusCastanea +
Has binomial nameCastanea mollissima +
Has common nameChinese Chestnut +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has edible partSeed +
Has edible useUnknown use +
Has environmental toleranceDrought +
Has fertility typeInsects +
Has flowers of typeMonoecious +
Has hardiness zone4 +
Has imageCastanea mollissima.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useFuel +, Tannin + and Wood +
Has mature height25 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAntidote +, Astringent + and Stomachic +
Has primary imageCastanea mollissima.jpg +
Has search namecastanea mollissima + and chinese chestnut +
Has shade toleranceLight shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid + and Neutral +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameCastanea mollissima +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Inhabits ecosystem nicheCanopy +
Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Castanea mollissima +, Castanea mollissima +, Castanea mollissima +, Castanea mollissima +, Castanea mollissima +, Castanea mollissima + and Castanea mollissima +