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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Seed - raw or cooked[1][2][3]. Very variable in quality, some are sweet and pleasant whilst others are bitter and astringent[4][5][6][7][8][9]. In general it is inferior to other hickories[10][11]. The nut is rather small[K], has a very thick shell and contains very little edible matter[12][13]. The seed ripens in late autumn and, when stored in its shell in a cool place, will keep for at least 6 months[K]. Sap - tapped in spring and used as a refreshing drink. Sweet[2].

Material uses

Wood - hard, strong, tough, very flexible. It weighs 51lb per cubic foot[14]. An excellent timber, it is used for tool handles, agricultural implements etc[7][1][12]. A very good fuel, burning well and giving off a lot of heat[7][1][12].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Carya glabra.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Canopy

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - requires a period of cold stratification - seed given 3 months cold stratification had a 91% germination rate[15]. Best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe[16]. Stored seed should be kept moist (but not wet) prior to sowing and should be sown in a cold frame as soon as possible[16]. Where possible, sow 1 or 2 seeds only in each deep pot and thin to the best seedling. If you need to transplant the seedlings, then do this as soon as they are large enough to handle, once more using deep pots to accommodate the tap root. Put the plants into their permanent positions as soon as possible, preferably in their first summer, and give some protection from the cold for at least the first winter. Seed can also be sown in situ so long as protection is given from mice etc and the seed is given some protection from cold[17] (a plastic bottle with the top and bottom removed and a wire mesh top fitted to keep the mice out is ideal)

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Carya glabra. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a deep moisture-retentive loam in a sunny sheltered position, requiring a good summer for best development[4][8][18][17]. Succeeds in drier soils than most members of this genus[17]. Slow growing[17].

Sometimes cultivated for its edible seed, there are some named varieties[8]. Trees take 25 - 30 years before they commence bearing seeds and peak production does not begin until they are about 80 years old[19]. Trees thrive in Britain, often bearing fruit[6]. Trees are planted for timber in Germany[20]. Plants are strongly tap-rooted and should be planted in their permanent positions as soon as possible[4][18]. Sowing in situ would be the best method so long as the seed could be protected from mice[4][17]. Trees are late coming into leaf (usually late May to June) and lose their leaves early in the autumn (usually in October)[18]. During this time they cast a heavy shade. These factors combine to make the trees eminently suitable for a mixed woodland planting with shrubs and other trees beneath them[18]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[17]. Most species in this genus have quite a wide range of distribution and, in order to find trees more suited to this country, seed from the most appropriate provenances should be sought[18]. Most trees growing in Britain at present tend to only produce good seed after hot summers[18].

Trees are self-fertile but larger crops of better quality seeds are produced if cross-pollination takes place[19].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Carya glabra. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Carya glabra.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Carya glabra
Genus
Carya
Family
Juglandaceae
Imported References
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
4
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type











    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.4 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.2 Turner. N. J. and Szczawinski. A. Edible Wild Fruits and Nuts of Canada. National Museum of Natural Sciences (1978-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Yanovsky. E. Food Plants of the N. American Indians. Publication no. 237. U.S. Depf of Agriculture. ()
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.4 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.3 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.4 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.3 Howes. F. N. Nuts. Faber (1948-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.1 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.1 Rosengarten. jnr. F. The Book of Edible Nuts. Walker & Co. ISBN 0802707699 (1984-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.1 McPherson. A. and S. Wild Food Plants of Indiana. Indiana University Press ISBN 0-253-28925-4 (1977-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.112.212.312.4 Sargent. C. S. Manual of the Trees of N. America. Dover Publications Inc. New York. ISBN 0-486-20278-X (1965-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.1 Lauriault. J. Identification Guide to the Trees of Canada Fitzhenry and Whiteside, Ontario. ISBN 0889025649 (1989-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.1 Britton. N. L. Brown. A. An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada Dover Publications. New York. ISBN 0-486-22642-5 (1970-00-00)
    15. ? Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
    16. ? 16.016.1 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
    17. ? 17.017.117.217.317.417.517.6 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    18. ? 18.018.118.218.318.418.5 ? The Plantsman. Vol. 9. 1986 - 1987. Royal Horticultural Society (1986-00-00)
    19. ? 19.019.1 Elias. T. The Complete Trees of N. America. Field Guide and Natural History. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. ISBN 0442238622 (1980-00-00)
    20. ? ? Flora Europaea Cambridge University Press (1964-00-00)
    21. ? Fernald. M. L. Gray's Manual of Botany. American Book Co. (1950-00-00)