The leaves are used as an incense and are also either burnt or crushed and then scattered around as an insect repellent. The crushed bark can be used as a soft base in cradles. The bark has also been cut into strips and used to make mats. The red inner bark is a source of a red dye. The bark of the tree is useful as tinder in starting fires Boy Scout style. Some cultivars of this tree are suitable for ground cover when spaced about 90cm apart each way. 'Tripartita' and 'Chamberlaynii' have been recommended. A fairly wind resistant tree, it can be grown as part of a shelterbelt planting.Wood - very durable, light, brittle, soft, easily worked, very fragrant, insect-resistant. The wood does not shrink much on drying and weighs 30lb per cubic foot. The reddish wood is highly prized for cabinet making, it is also used for fencing, the casing of lead pencils etc.
The leaves are anthelmintic, diuretic, rubefacient and stimulant. A decoction has been used in the treatment of coughs and colds, general weakness and as a medicine for convalescents. The berries are anthelmintic, diaphoretic, emmenagogue and mildly antiseptic. They have been chewed as a treatment for mouth ulcers or made into a tea to treat colds, rheumatism, worms etc. The fresh young twigs are used as a diuretic. An infusion has been used both internally and as a steam bath in the treatment of rheumatism. The essential oil from the wood is an abortifacient, in some cases it has caused vomiting, convulsions, coma and death. The plant is said to contain the anticancer compound podophyllotoxin.The essential oil from the berries is used in aromatherapy. Its keyword is 'Composing'.
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A very ornamental and hardy plant. It is very slow growing and apparently short-lived in Britain, though it is very long-lived in its native environment. Another report says that plants live to a moderate age of 200 - 350 years in the wild. Cultivated as a timber tree in some parts of C. and S. Europe and used as a Christmas tree in parts of N. America, there are some named forms, selected for their ornamental value. Closely related to J. scopulorum, it hybridizes with that species where their ranges overlap. The main difference between the two species is that the fruits of this plant mature in one year whilst those of J. scopulorum take two years. This species often hybridizes with other members of the genus. The crushed foliage has an aroma like soap or paint. Plants are resistant to honey fungus. In America this tree is a host of a gall-like rust that at certain stages in its life-cycle also attacks the leaves of apple trees.Plants are usually dioecious, though trees with both male and female flowers are occasionally found. Male and female plants must usually be grown if seed is required.
Problems, pests & diseases
Associations & Interactions
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Polycultures & Guilds
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This table shows all the data stored for this plant.
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