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Toxic parts

The seed is slightly poisonous. This report probably refers to the hydrogen cyanide that is found in many plants of this family, the seed should only be used in small amounts if it is bitter[K]. In small quantities, hydrogen cyanide has been shown to stimulate respiration and improve digestion, it is also claimed to be of benefit in the treatment of cancer. In excess, however, it can cause respiratory failure and even death.

Edible uses


Roasted, cooked as a Coffee


Raw, cooked or preserved as a Fruit, pie, sauce, jelly

Material uses


Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The loquat is one of the most popular cough remedies in the Far East, it is the ingredient of many patent medicines[16].



Ecosystem niche/layer

Secondary canopy

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.



Provides nectar and pollen for bees in late Autumn/early Winter


Nothing listed.


Air layering[6].


Best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold fame in the spring[6]. Pre-soak stored seed for 24 hours and sow late winter in a warm greenhouse[18][19]. Germination usually takes place within 1 - 4 months at 20°c. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.

Rooted cuttings

Cuttings of half-ripe wood with a heel, July/August in a frame[6]. Cuttings of softwood, spring in a frame[18].


Prefers a fertile well-drained soil in full sun or light shade[6]. Succeeds in any well-drained soil but dislikes too much lime[7]. Prefers to be near the coast, tolerating maritime exposure but dislikes cold winds[6]. Tolerates dry soils[6]. Succeeds in an open position in the milder areas of Britain but usually requires wall protection in most of this country[20][21]. Plants are hardy to at least -5°c, and can survive to between -12 and -17°c but with some damage[6]. Plants from different provenances differ widely in their hardiness, it is best to obtain stock as cuttings from plants that are established in this country[22]. Trees usually only flower and produce fruit in Britain after a long hot summer[20][23], but a tree at Maidwell Hall in Northants fruits regularly[20]. The main difficulty with producing a crop of fruit from this tree is that the plant flower in the winter and will not ripen fruit of a satisfactory standard if the winter is cold. Indeed, the fruit is rendered inedible by hard frosts in cold areas[6]. Often cultivated for its edible fruit in warm temperate regions, there are more than 800 cultivars in Japan[6]. 'Advance' is a dwarf tree with very juicy fruits[6]. The flowers emit a most potent oriental perfume[24].


Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Eriobotrya japonica. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Eriobotrya japonica.




None listed.


None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Binomial name
Eriobotrya japonica
Imported References
Material uses & Functions
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
full sun
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
9 x 5
Flower Colour
Flower Type


  1. ? 1.01.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (32202/01/01)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (32202/01/01)
  3. ? Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (32202/01/01)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Brouk. B. Plants Consumed by Man. Academic Press ISBN 0-12-136450-x (32202/01/01)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (32202/01/01)
  6. ? Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (32202/01/01)
  7. ? Simmons. A. E. Growing Unusual Fruit. David and Charles ISBN 0-7153-5531-7 (32202/01/01)
  8. ? 8.08.1 Bianchini. F., Corbetta. F. and Pistoia. M. Fruits of the Earth. ()
  9. ? Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (32202/01/01)
  10. ? 10.010.1 Gamble. J. S. A Manual of Indian Timbers. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh (32202/01/01)
  11. ? Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (32202/01/01)
  12. ? 12.012.1 Brooklyn Botanic Garden Oriental Herbs and Vegetables, Vol 39 No. 2. Brooklyn Botanic Garden (32202/01/01)
  13. ? 13.013.1 ? A Barefoot Doctors Manual. Running Press ISBN 0-914294-92-X ()
  14. ? 14.014.1 Yeung. Him-Che. Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas. Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles (32202/01/01)
  15. ? 15.015.1 Medicinal Plants in the Republic of Korea World Health Organisation, Manila ISBN 92 9061 120 0 (32202/01/01)
  16. ? Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (32202/01/01)
  17. ? Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (32202/01/01)
  18. ? 18.018.1 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (32202/01/01)
  19. ? Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (32202/01/01)
  20. ? Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (32202/01/01)
  21. ? Thurston. Trees and Shrubs in Cornwall. ()
  22. ? Grey-Wilson. C. & Matthews. V. Gardening on Walls Collins ISBN 0-00-219220-0 (32202/01/01)
  23. ? Davis. B. Climbers and Wall Shrubs. Viking. ISBN 0-670-82929-3 (32202/01/01)
  24. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (32202/01/01)
  25. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PFAFimport-74

Cite error: <ref> tag with name "PFAFimport-109" defined in <references> is not used in prior text.

Facts about "Eriobotrya japonica"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyRosaceae +
Belongs to genusEriobotrya +
Can be grown from cutting typeSoft wood + and Semi-ripe +
Has common nameLoquat +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partSeeds + and Fruit +
Has edible useCoffee substitute +, Fruit +, Pie +, Sauce + and Jelly +
Has environmental toleranceMaritime exposure + and High wind +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has growth rateModerate +
Has hardiness zone7 +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partStem +
Has material useWood +
Has mature height9 +
Has mature width5 +
Has medicinal partLeaves +, Flowers + and Fruit +
Has medicinal useAnalgesic +, Antibacterial +, Antiemetic +, Antitussive +, Antiviral +, Astringent +, Diuretic +, Expectorant + and Sedative +
Has search nameeriobotrya japonica + and x +
Has seed requiring scarificationNo +
Has seed requiring stratificationNo +
Has shade toleranceLight shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil teclayture preferenceClay +
Has soil teloamyture preferenceLoamy +
Has soil tesandyture preferenceSandy +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomy nameEriobotrya japonica +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Inhabits ecosystem nicheSecondary canopy +
Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
Is grown fromSeeds +, Cutting + and Layering +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
Provides forage forBee +
Tolerates air pollutionNo +
Tolerates maritime exposureYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +