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Edible uses


Catkins - raw or cooked. A bitter taste[1].


Material uses

An orange-red to brown dye can be obtained from the bark[2].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The bark is astringent, emetic, haemostatic, stomachic and tonic[1]. The bark was burnt as an inhalant in the treatment of rheumatism[2]. The ashes were also used as a tooth cleaner[2].

A decoction of the inner bark has been used as a carminative to reduce gas in the stomach and as a febrifuge[2]. A decoction of the plant has been used in a steam treatment to bring about menstruation - it has been used as an abortifacient[2]. A poultice of the leaves has been used to treat infected wounds or sores[2]. The poultice was left in place over the wound until the leaves stuck to it and was then pulled off, removing the 'poison' with it[2].

An infusion of the plant tops was given to children with poor appetites[2].


Ecosystem niche/layer

Secondary canopy

Ecological Functions

Nitrogen fixer


Nothing listed.


Nothing listed.


Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe and only just covered[3]. Spring sown seed should also germinate successfully so long as it is not covered[200, K]. The seed should germinate in the spring as the weather warms up. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots. If growth is sufficient, it is possible to plant them out into their permanent positions in the summer, otherwise keep them in pots outdoors and plant them out in the spring.

If you have sufficient quantity of seed, it can be sown thinly in an outdoor seed bed in the spring[4]. The seedlings can either be planted out into their permanent positions in the autumn/winter, or they can be allowed to grow on in the seed bed for a further season before planting them.

Cuttings of mature wood, taken as soon as the leaves fall in autumn, outdoors in sandy soil.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Alnus viridis crispa. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.


Prefers a heavy soil and a damp situation[5][6]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. A useful plant for cold damp places[6]. Tolerates lime and very infertile sites[6][3]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil micro-organisms, these form nodules on the roots of the plants and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[3].


Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Alnus viridis crispa. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Alnus viridis crispa.




None listed.


None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Binomial name
Alnus viridis crispa
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
full sun
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    3 x meters
    Flower Colour
    Flower Type


    1. ? Schofield. J. J. Discovering Wild Plants - Alaska, W. Canada and the Northwest. ()
    2. ? Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
    3. ? Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    4. ? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
    5. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    6. ? Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    7. ? [Flora of N. America] ()

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