The fruit can be used as a coffee substitute.Leaves - cooked. A famine food, they are only used when all else fails. A nutritional analysis is available.
Antidote, diuretic, emollient, expectorant. The dried fruits contain saponins, triterpenoids and alkaloids. They are anodyne, anticancer, pectoral, refrigerant, sedative, stomachic, styptic and tonic. They are considered to purify the blood and aid digestion. They are used internally in the treatment of a range of conditions including chronic fatigue, loss of appetite, diarrhoea, pharyngitis, bronchitis, anaemia, irritability and hysteria. The seed contains a number of medically active compounds including saponins, triterpenes, flavonoids and alkaloids. It is hypnotic, narcotic, sedative, stomachic and tonic. It is used internally in the treatment of palpitations, insomnia, nervous exhaustion, night sweats and excessive perspiration. The root is used in the treatment of dyspepsia. A decoction of the root has been used in the treatment of fevers. The root is made into a powder and applied to old wounds and ulcers. The leaves are astringent and febrifuge. They are said to promote the growth of hair. They are used to form a plaster in the treatment of strangury. The plant is a folk remedy for anaemia, hypertonia, nephritis and nervous diseases.The plant is widely used in China as a treatment for burns.
Root cuttings in a greenhouse in the winter. Best results are achieved if a temperature of 5 - 10°c can be maintained. Cuttings of mature wood of the current season's growth, November to January in a frame.Division of suckers in the dormant season. They can be planted out direct into their permanent positions if required.
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Plants are hardy to about -20°c. Another report says that they are hardy to about -30°c when fully dormant. The jujube is often cultivated in warm temperate zones for its edible fruit, there are many named varieties. The trees need a hot dry summer if they are to fruit well, which rather restricts their potential in a country like Britain[238, K]. The tree spreads by root suckers and self-sowing, often forming dense thickets. Where the climate suits it, the plant can escape from cultivation and become an invasive and problematic weed. Trees are resistant to most pests and diseases. Responds well to coppicing. Trees form a deep taproot and should be planted into their permanent positions as soon as possible.Fast growing and quick to mature, it can fruit in 3 - 4 years from seed.
Problems, pests & diseases
Associations & Interactions
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Polycultures & Guilds
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