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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Seed - occasionally used as a condiment[1][2], it is a pepper substitute. When washed to remove the bitterness it can be ground into a powder and used as a flour[3], though it is very much a famine food used only when all else fails[1]. A tea is made from the roots and leaves[1][2].

Unknown part

Material uses

Young stems are used in basket making and for making wattles[4][5][6][7].

The leaves are used to repel insects in grain stores[4][5]. Extracts of the leaves have insecticidal activity[8]. The fresh leaves are burnt with grass as a fumigant against mosquitoes[9].

The plant is grown on slopes to counter land slides[7].

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

This species is widely used in Chinese herbal medicine, it is the second most important treatment for chronic bronchitis[8]. (The sub-species V. negundo cannabifolia (Sieb.&Zucc.)Hand-Mazz. is used.)

The leaves are astringent, febrifuge, sedative, tonic and vermifuge[5][10][11][8][12]. They are useful in dispersing swellings of the joints from acute rheumatism, and of the testes from suppressed gonorrhoea[12]. The juice of the leaves is used for removing foetid discharges and worms from ulcers, whilst an oil prepared with the leaf juice is applied to sinuses and scrofulous sores[12].They are harvested in early summer and used fresh or dried[9]. A decoction of the stems is used in the treatment of burns and scalds[8]. The dried fruit is vermifuge[12]. The fruit is also used in the treatment of angina, colds, coughs, rheumatic difficulties etc[8]. The fresh berries are pounded to a pulp and used in the form of a tincture for the relief of paralysis, pains in the limbs, weakness etc[13]. The root is expectorant, febrifuge and tonic[12]. It is used in the treatment of colds and rheumatic ailments[8]. It is harvested in late summer and autumn, and dried for later use[9].

The plant is said to be a malarial preventative and is also used in the treatment of bacterial dysentery - extracts of the leaves have shown bactericidal and antitumor activity[8].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Hedge


Earth stabiliser

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow March in a greenhouse. It does not need any pre-treatment[14]. Germination is usually free and quick. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in early summer of the following year.

Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5 - 8cm with a heel, July/August in a frame. Good percentage[15].

Cuttings of mature wood of the current seasons growth, November in a cold frame[14].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Vitex negundo. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

An easily grown plant, it prefers a light well-drained loamy soil in a warm sunny position sheltered from cold drying winds[16][17]. Succeeds in poor dry soils[9].

Plants tolerate temperatures down to about -10°c[17]. They are not very hardy in Britain, they succeed outdoors at Kew[K], but in general are best given the protection of a sunny wall outside the milder areas of the country[18]. Plants only flower freely after a warm summer, so they are best grown against a sunny wall even in areas where they are hardy[19]. The flowers are produced so late in the season that they are unlikely to produce viable seed in this country even if they flower properly[K]. The plants require abundant summer sunshine in order to ripen their wood fully, the well-ripened wood is more frost resistant[18][20]. There are some named forms, selected for their ornamental value[19].

The leaves and stems are strongly aromatic[21]. The flowers have a most pronounced musk-like perfume[22].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Vitex negundo. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Vitex negundo.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Vitex negundo
Genus
Vitex
Family
Verbenaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
8
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    3 x 3 meters
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Vitex negundo 1.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Vitex negundo 1.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Vitex negundo 1.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Vitex negundo 1.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Vitex negundo 1.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Vitex negundo 1.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Vitex negundo 1.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Vitex negundo 1.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Vitex negundo 1.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Vitex negundo 1.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Vitex negundo 1.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.3 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Reid. B. E. Famine Foods of the Chiu-Huang Pen-ts'ao. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre (1977-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.2 Polunin. O. and Stainton. A. Flowers of the Himalayas. Oxford Universtiy Press (1984-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.4 Gamble. J. S. A Manual of Indian Timbers. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh (1972-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Gupta. B. L. Forest Flora of Chakrata, Dehra Dun and Saharanpur. Forest Research Institute Press (1945-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.2 Manandhar. N. P. Plants and People of Nepal Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-527-6 (2002-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.48.58.68.78.8 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.19.29.39.49.5 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.1 ? A Barefoot Doctors Manual. Running Press ISBN 0-914294-92-X ()
    11. ? 11.011.1 Stuart. Rev. G. A. Chinese Materia Medica. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre ()
    12. ? 12.012.112.212.312.412.5 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.1 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.1 Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
    15. ? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
    16. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    17. ? 17.017.117.2 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    18. ? 18.018.118.2 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    19. ? 19.019.1 Grey-Wilson. C. & Matthews. V. Gardening on Walls Collins ISBN 0-00-219220-0 (1983-00-00)
    20. ? Taylor. J. The Milder Garden. Dent (1990-00-00)
    21. ? Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)
    22. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
    23. ? [Flora of China] (1994-00-00)

    "image:Vitex negundo 1.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Vitex negundo"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyVerbenaceae +
    Belongs to genusVitex +
    Functions asHedge + and Earth stabiliser +
    Has binomial nameVitex negundo +
    Has common nameHuang Ping +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partUnknown part + and Seed +
    Has edible useCondiment +, Unknown use + and Tea +
    Has fertility typeInsects +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has growth rateModerate +
    Has hardiness zone8 +
    Has imageVitex negundo 1.JPG +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useBasketry +, Insecticide + and Repellent +
    Has mature height3 +
    Has mature width3 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAntibacterial +, Antitumor +, Astringent +, Expectorant +, Febrifuge +, Sedative +, Tonic + and Vermifuge +
    Has primary imageVitex negundo 1.JPG +
    Has search namevitex negundo + and huang ping +
    Has shade toleranceNo shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy + and Loamy +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameVitex negundo +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Vitex negundo +, Vitex negundo +, Vitex negundo +, Vitex negundo +, Vitex negundo +, Vitex negundo +, Vitex negundo +, Vitex negundo +, Vitex negundo +, Vitex negundo +, Vitex negundo +, Vitex negundo +, Vitex negundo + and Vitex negundo +