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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Young leaves and flower buds - raw or cooked[1][2]. When added to soup they thicken it in much the same way as okra[3][4][5]. A tea can be made from the dried leaves[2].

Flowers

Leaves

Unknown part

Tea

Material uses

A blue dye can be obtained from the flowers[6].

Unknown part

Dye

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

An infusion of the leaves and roots has been used to treat stomach problems and asthma in children[6]. An infusion of the roots and leaves has been used as a wash and poultice on sore and swollen joints[6]. The roots and leaves have been chewed by women during childbirth[6].

A poultice of the chewed leaves has been applied to sore eyes[6].

A poultice of the crushed flowers has been applied to the side or chest in the treatment of pain[6].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown in the autumn in a cold frame. Sow stored seed in early spring in a cold frame. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and plant them out in the summer. Division in the autumn or just after flowering. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions, though we have found that it is best to pot up smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse or cold frame until they are growing away well. Plant them out in the summer or the following spring.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Viola adunca. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a cool moist well-drained humus-rich soil in partial or dappled shade and protection from scorching winds. Tolerates sandstone and limestone soils but becomes chlorotic if the pH is too high. Prefers a pH between 6 and 6.5[7].

All members of this genus have more or less edible leaves and flower buds, though those species with yellow flowers can cause diarrhoea if eaten in large quantities[3][4][5]. There is at least one named form selected for its ornamental value[7]. 'Alba' has white flowers[7].

Flowers formed late in the season are cleistogamous (lacking petals, the flowers do not open but are self-pollinated)[8].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Viola adunca. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Viola adunca.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Viola adunca
Genus
Viola
Family
Violaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
4
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Viola adunca FWS.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Viola adunca FWS.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Viola adunca FWS.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Viola adunca FWS.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Viola adunca FWS.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Viola adunca FWS.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Viola adunca FWS.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Viola adunca FWS.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Viola adunca FWS.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Viola adunca FWS.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Viola adunca FWS.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.2 Elias. T. and Dykeman. P. A Field Guide to N. American Edible Wild Plants. Van Nostrand Reinhold ISBN 0442222009 (1982-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.2 Harrington. H. D. Edible Native Plants of the Rocky Mountains. University of New Mexico Press ISBN 0-8623-0343-9 (1967-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.2 McPherson. A. and S. Wild Food Plants of Indiana. Indiana University Press ISBN 0-253-28925-4 (1977-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.46.56.66.7 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.3 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    8. ? Craighead. J., Craighead. F. and Davis. R. A Field Guide to Rocky Mountain Wildflowers The Riverside Press ISBN 63-7093 (1963-00-00)
    9. ? Munz. A California Flora. University of California Press (1959-00-00)

    "image:Viola adunca FWS.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Viola adunca"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyViolaceae +
    Belongs to genusViola +
    Has binomial nameViola adunca +
    Has common nameWestern Dog Violet +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partFlowers +, Leaves + and Unknown part +
    Has edible useUnknown use + and Tea +
    Has fertility typeSelf fertile +, Insects + and Cleistogamous +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone4 +
    Has imageViola adunca FWS.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useDye +
    Has mature height0.1 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAnalgesic +, Antiasthmatic +, Birthing aid +, Ophthalmic +, Poultice + and Salve +
    Has primary imageViola adunca FWS.jpg +
    Has search nameviola adunca + and western dog violet +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid + and Neutral +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameViola adunca +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Viola adunca +, Viola adunca +, Viola adunca +, Viola adunca +, Viola adunca +, Viola adunca +, Viola adunca +, Viola adunca +, Viola adunca + and Viola adunca +