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Uses

Toxic parts

Although no records of toxicity have been seen for this species, it is closely related to V. opulus, the raw fruit of which can cause nausea in some people if it is eaten in large quantities, although the cooked fruit is perfectly alright[1][2].

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw or cooked[3][4][5][6]. The fully ripe fruits are mildly acid with a pleasant taste[7]. The ovoid fruit is about 8mm long and contains a single large seed[8]. The fruit can also be dried for winter use[7]. It is highly valued for jam[9]. It is best before a frost and with the skin removed[10][11]. Another report says that the native Americans would often not harvest the fruit until it had been frosted[6]. Some caution is advised, see the notes above on toxicity. Flowers - used in fritters[11].

Flowers

Fruit

Material uses

The stems have been used to reinforce birch bark basket rims[6].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The bark is antispasmodic and astringent[11][6]. An infusion of the crushed inner bark has been used in the treatment of dysentery and has also been used as a purgative[6]. The bark has been chewed and the juice swallowed in the treatment of whooping cough and 'cold on the lungs'[6].

A decoction of the stems has been used in the treatment of coughs[6]. An infusion of the leaves and stems has been used as a gargle in the treatment of sore throats[6]. The twig tips have been chewed and the juice swallowed in the treatment of sore throats[6]. A poultice of the chewed, unopened flower buds has been applied to lip sores[6].

A decoction of the roots has been used to treat sickness associated with teething[6].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe. Germination can be slow, sometimes taking more than 18 months. If the seed is harvested 'green' (when it has fully developed but before it has fully ripened) and sown immediately in a cold frame, it should germinate in the spring[12]. Stored seed will require 2 months warm then 3 months cold stratification and can still take 18 months to germinate[13]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame or greenhouse. Plant out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer of the following year.

Cuttings of soft-wood, early summer in a frame[8]. Pot up into individual pots once they start to root and plant them out in late spring or early summer of the following year. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5 - 8 cm long with a heel if possible, July/August in a frame[14][13]. Plant them into individual pots as soon as they start to root. These cuttings can be difficult to overwinter, it is best to keep them in a greenhouse or cold frame until the following spring before planting them out[13]. Cuttings of mature wood, winter in a frame. They should root in early spring - pot them up when large enough to handle and plant them out in the summer if sufficient new growth is made, otherwise keep them in a cold frame for the next winter and then plant them out in the spring.

Layering of current seasons growth in July/August. Takes 15 months[14].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Viburnum edule. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

An easily grown plant, it succeeds in most soils but is ill-adapted for poor soils and for dry situations[15]. It prefers a deep rich loamy soil in sun or semi-shade[3][8]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Prefers a slightly acidic soil[11]. Best if given shade from the early morning sun in spring[8].

Plants are possibly self-incompatible[3] and may need to grow close to a genetically distinct plant in the same species in order to produce fruit and fertile seed[3][8].

Closely allied to V. opulus, but this species has no sterile flowers in the inflorescence and is a superior fruiting form[3].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Viburnum edule. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Viburnum edule.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Viburnum edule
Genus
Viburnum
Family
Caprifoliaceae
Imported References
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Viburnum edule fruit.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Viburnum edule fruit.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Viburnum edule fruit.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Viburnum edule fruit.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Viburnum edule fruit.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Viburnum edule fruit.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Viburnum edule fruit.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Viburnum edule fruit.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Viburnum edule fruit.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Viburnum edule fruit.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Viburnum edule fruit.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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    References

    1. ? Frohne. D. and Pf?nder. J. A Colour Atlas of Poisonous Plants. Wolfe ISBN 0723408394 (1984-00-00)
    2. ? Cooper. M. and Johnson. A. Poisonous Plants in Britain and their Effects on Animals and Man. HMSO ISBN 0112425291 (1984-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.43.53.6 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Elias. T. and Dykeman. P. A Field Guide to N. American Edible Wild Plants. Van Nostrand Reinhold ISBN 0442222009 (1982-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Turner. N. J. and Szczawinski. A. Edible Wild Fruits and Nuts of Canada. National Museum of Natural Sciences (1978-00-00)
    6. ? 6.006.016.026.036.046.056.066.076.086.096.106.116.126.13 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.48.58.6 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.19.2 Fernald. M. L. Gray's Manual of Botany. American Book Co. (1950-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.1 Harrington. H. D. Edible Native Plants of the Rocky Mountains. University of New Mexico Press ISBN 0-8623-0343-9 (1967-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.111.211.311.411.5 Schofield. J. J. Discovering Wild Plants - Alaska, W. Canada and the Northwest. ()
    12. ? McMillan-Browse. P. Hardy Woody Plants from Seed. Grower Books ISBN 0-901361-21-6 (1985-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.113.2 Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.1 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
    15. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)

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    Facts about "Viburnum edule"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyCaprifoliaceae +
    Belongs to genusViburnum +
    Has binomial nameViburnum edule +
    Has common nameMooseberry +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partFlowers + and Fruit +
    Has edible useUnknown use +
    Has fertility typeSelf sterile + and Insects +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone5 +
    Has imageViburnum edule fruit.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useBasketry +
    Has mature height2.5 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAntispasmodic +, Astringent +, Odontalgic + and Salve +
    Has primary imageViburnum edule fruit.jpg +
    Has search nameviburnum edule + and mooseberry +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy +, Clay + and Heavy clay +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameViburnum edule +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Viburnum edule +, Viburnum edule +, Viburnum edule +, Viburnum edule +, Viburnum edule +, Viburnum edule + and Viburnum edule +