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Edible uses


Fruit - raw or cooked[1][2][3][4][5][6]. Considered by some to be the most pleasantly-flavoured of British wild fruits[7]. The fruit is high in pectin[8], this means that it can be mixed with fruits that are low in pectin to help them set when making jam[K]. Pectin has also been shown to have a valuable role in the diet, where it is said to protect the body against radiation[9]. An acid taste, the fruits are usually cooked in preserves etc[10][11]. Although smaller than the related V. macrocarpon, the fruit of this species is considered to be of superior taste[10]. The fruit is about 6mm in diameter[11]. A tea is made from the leaves[2][6].


Unknown part


Material uses

The juice of the fruit is used to clean silver[12].

A red dye is obtained from the fruit[2].

Plants can be grown as a ground cover when planted about 1 metre apart each way[13]. Plants rapidly form a dense carpet when they are thriving[13].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

An infusion of the plant has been used to treat cases of slight nausea[6].

Unknown part


Ecosystem niche/layer

Soil surface

Ecological Functions

Ground cover


Nothing listed.


Nothing listed.


Seed - sow late winter in a greenhouse in a lime-free potting mix and only just cover the seed[14]. Stored seed might require a period of up to 3 months cold stratification[15]. Another report says that it is best to sow the seed in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe[11]. Once they are about 5cm tall, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a lightly shaded position in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.

Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5 - 8cm with a heel, August in a frame[14]. Slow and difficult. Layering in late summer or early autumn[14]. Another report says that spring is the best time to layer[11]. Takes 18 months[14].

Division of suckers in spring or early autumn[15].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Vaccinium oxycoccos. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.


Requires a moist or wet lime free soil, preferring one that is rich in peat or a light loamy soil with added leaf-mould[7][11]. Prefers a very acid soil with a pH in the range of 4.5 to 6, plants soon become chlorotic when lime is present. Succeeds in full sun or light shade though it fruits better in a sunny position[11]. Requires shelter from strong winds[11].

The fruit often persists on the plant all winter without rotting[11]. Dislikes root disturbance, plants are best grown in pots until being planted out in their permanent positions[11].

Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[11].


Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Vaccinium oxycoccos. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Vaccinium oxycoccos.




None listed.


None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Binomial name
Vaccinium oxycoccos
Imported References
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
full sun
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    Flower Colour
    Flower Type

    "image:Cranberry bog.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Cranberry bog.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Cranberry bog.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Cranberry bog.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Cranberry bog.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Cranberry bog.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Cranberry bog.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Cranberry bog.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Cranberry bog.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Cranberry bog.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Cranberry bog.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Cranberry bog.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    1. ? 1.01.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    2. ? Triska. Dr. Hamlyn Encyclopaedia of Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-33545-3 (1975-00-00)
    3. ? Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Turner. N. J. and Szczawinski. A. Edible Wild Fruits and Nuts of Canada. National Museum of Natural Sciences (1978-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Hill. A. F. Economic Botany. The Maple Press (1952-00-00)
    6. ? Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
    7. ? Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Schofield. J. J. Discovering Wild Plants - Alaska, W. Canada and the Northwest. ()
    9. ? 9.09.1 Allardice.P. A - Z of Companion Planting. Cassell Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-304-34324-2 (1993-00-00)
    10. ? Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    11. ? 11.0011.0111.0211.0311.0411.0511.0611.0711.0811.0911.1011.11 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.1 Mabey. R. Plants with a Purpose. Fontana ISBN 0-00-635555-2 (1979-00-00)
    13. ? Thomas. G. S. Plants for Ground Cover J. M. Dent & Sons ISBN 0-460-12609-1 (1990-00-00)
    14. ? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
    15. ? 15.015.1 Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)

    "image:Cranberry bog.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Vaccinium oxycoccos"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyEricaceae +
    Belongs to genusVaccinium +
    Functions asGround cover +
    Has binomial nameVaccinium oxycoccos +
    Has common nameSmall Cranberry +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partFruit + and Unknown part +
    Has edible useUnknown use + and Tea +
    Has fertility typeSelf fertile +, Bees + and Self +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has growth rateVigorous +
    Has hardiness zone2 +
    Has imageCranberry bog.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useCleanser + and Dye +
    Has mature height0.1 +
    Has mature width1 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAntiemetic +
    Has primary imageCranberry bog.jpg +
    Has search namevaccinium oxycoccos + and small cranberry +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceVery acid + and Acid +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy + and Loamy +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameVaccinium oxycoccos +
    Has water requirementshigh +
    Inhabits ecosystem nicheSoil surface +
    Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Vaccinium oxycoccos +, Vaccinium oxycoccos +, Vaccinium oxycoccos +, Vaccinium oxycoccos + and Vaccinium oxycoccos +