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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Leaves - raw or cooked[179, K]. They can be a little bit bitter, especially if not very young, and have a mucilaginous texture[K]. They make a nice addition to a mixed salad[K].

Immature fruits, used just after they are formed, can be eaten raw[1]. An aromatic, unusual flavour, leaving the mouth feeling fresh and the breath smelling pleasant[1]. They contain about 34.4% protein, 28.2% fat, 17% carbohydrate, 5% ash[2]. The fruit is about 2.5cm long[3].

Inner bark - mucilaginous[2]. No more details are given but inner bark is often dried, ground into a powder and then used as a thickening in soups etc or mixed with cereals when making bread[K].

Fruit

Inner bark

Leaves

Material uses

A fibre from the inner bark is used for mats and making ropes[4]. Wood - very durable under water, fairly hard, elastic, withstands abrasion and salt water. Used for water pipes, wheels, mallet heads, ships keels etc[5][6][7][4].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The inner bark is astringent, demulcent and mildly diuretic[8]. It is used both internally and externally in the treatment of diarrhoea, rheumatism, wounds, piles etc and is also used as a mouthwash in the treatment of ulcers[9][8][10]. The inner bark is harvested from branches 3 - 4 years old and is dried for later use[8].

The plant is used in Bach flower remedies - the keywords for prescribing it are 'Occasional feelings of inadequacy', 'Despondency' and 'Exhaustion from over-striving for perfection'[11].

A homeopathic remedy is made from the inner bark[8]. It is used in the treatment of eczema[8].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Canopy

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - if sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe, it usually germinates within a few days[3]. Stored seed does not germinate so well and should be sown in early spring[3]. The seed can also be harvested 'green' (when it has fully developed but before it dries on the tree) and sown immediately in a cold frame. It should germinate very quickly and will produce a larger plant by the end of the growing season[12]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Plants should not be allowed to grow for more than two years in a nursery bed since they form a tap root and will then move badly. Layering of suckers or coppiced shoots[3].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Ulmus glabra. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Easily grown in any soil of at least moderate quality so long as it is well drained[13]. Prefers a deep or heavy soil that is moist but not waterlogged and does not thrive if the soil is markedly acid[14]. Moderately shade tolerant[14]. Very wind resistant and tolerant of maritime exposure[14].

Trees cast a dense shade[14]. Rarely produces suckers but responds well to coppicing[14]. The wych elm is subject to 'Dutch elm disease' (though less so than U. procera), a disease that has destroyed the greater part of all the elm trees growing in Britain. Mature trees killed back by the disease will often regrow from suckers, but these too will succumb when they get larger. There is no effective cure (1992) for the problem, but most E. Asian, though not Himalayan, species are resistant to the disease so the potential exists to develop new resistant hybrids with the native species. The various species hybridize freely, the pollen stores well and can be kept for use with species that flower at different times.

A very ornamental tree[13], it is a food plant for the caterpillars of many lepidoptera species[15]. A good tree for growing grapes into[16].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Ulmus glabra. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Ulmus glabra.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Ulmus glabra
Genus
Ulmus
Family
Ulmaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Ulmus glabra.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Ulmus glabra.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Ulmus glabra.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Ulmus glabra.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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References

  1. ? 1.01.11.2 Bianchini. F., Corbetta. F. and Pistoia. M. Fruits of the Earth. ()
  2. ? 2.02.12.2 Reid. B. E. Famine Foods of the Chiu-Huang Pen-ts'ao. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre (1977-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.43.5 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.2 Polunin. O. Flowers of Europe - A Field Guide. Oxford University Press ISBN 0192176218 (1969-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.1 Ahrendt. Berberis and Mahonia. Journal of the Linnean Society, 57 (1961-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.48.5 Launert. E. Edible and Medicinal Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-37216-2 (1981-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.1 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.1 Freethy. R. From Agar to Zenery. The Crowood Press ISBN 0-946284-51-2 (1985-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.1 Chancellor. P. M. Handbook of the Bach Flower Remedies C. W. Daniel Co. Ltd. ISBN 85207 002 0 (1985-00-00)
  12. ? McMillan-Browse. P. Hardy Woody Plants from Seed. Grower Books ISBN 0-901361-21-6 (1985-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  14. ? 14.014.114.214.314.4 Beckett. G. and K. Planting Native Trees and Shrubs. Jarrold (1979-00-00)
  15. ? Carter D. Butterflies and Moths in Britain and Europe. Pan ISBN 0-330-26642-x (1982-00-00)
  16. ? Philbrick H. and Gregg R. B. Companion Plants. Watkins (1979-00-00)
  17. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PFAFimport-11
  18. ? Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)

"image:Ulmus glabra.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Ulmus glabra"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyUlmaceae +
Belongs to genusUlmus +
Has common nameWych Elm +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partFruit +, Inner bark + and Leaves +
Has edible useUnknown use +
Has environmental toleranceMaritime exposure + and High wind +
Has fertility typeWind +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has growth rateVigorous +
Has hardiness zone5 +
Has imageUlmus glabra.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useFibre + and Wood +
Has mature height30 +
Has mature width25 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAstringent +, Bach +, Demulcent +, Diuretic + and Homeopathy +
Has primary imageUlmus glabra.jpg +
Has search nameulmus glabra + and x +
Has shade toleranceLight shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil teclayture preferenceClay +
Has soil teheavy clayture preferenceHeavy clay +
Has soil teloamyture preferenceLoamy +
Has soil tesandyture preferenceSandy +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomy nameUlmus glabra +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Inhabits ecosystem nicheCanopy +
Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
Tolerates maritime exposureYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +