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Edible uses


Seed - cooked[1][2][3]. It is usually ground into a flour and used as a cereal for making bread, biscuits etc[4]. The seed retains its glumes when it is threshed[5][6]

Material uses

The straw has many uses, as a biomass for fuel etc, for thatching, as a mulch in the garden etc[7].

A fibre obtained from the stems is used for making paper[8]. The stems are harvested in late summer after the seed has been harvested, they are cut into usable pieces and soaked in clear water for 24 hours. They are then cooked for 2 hours in lye or soda ash and then beaten in a ball mill for 1½ hours in a ball mill. The fibres make a green-tan paper[8].

The starch from the seed is used for laundering, sizing textiles etc[1][2]. It can also be converted to alcohol for use as a fuel.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Triticum turgidum dicoccon.


Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.


Nothing listed.


Nothing listed.


Seed - sow early spring or autumn in situ and only just cover the seed. Germination should take place within a few days[K].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Triticum turgidum dicoccon. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.


An easily grown plant, it succeeds in most well-drained soils in a sunny position. Succeeds in poor rocky[6] and in dry soils[9].

One of the oldest cultivated wheats, it arose over 10,000 years ago through cultivation of the wild emmer, T. dicoccoides. Its cultivation is declining but it is still grown in some mountainous regions of Europe[1][5][6][4]. There are some named varieties[1]. A rather low yielding species compared to modern cultivars. It is believed that a cross between this species and Aegilops squarrosa, probably about 8,000 years ago, introduced an extra protein gene into the seed making a much stronger flour for baking as bread. Most modern species and cultivars of wheat have been developed from this cross.

A tetraploid species[10].


Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Triticum turgidum dicoccon. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Triticum turgidum dicoccon.




None listed.


None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Binomial name
Triticum turgidum dicoccon
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Hardiness Zone
Heat Zone
full sun
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    x meters
    Flower Colour
    Flower Type


    1. ? Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    2. ? Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    4. ? Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    5. ? ? Flora Europaea Cambridge University Press (1964-00-00)
    6. ? Schery. R. W. Plants for Man. ()
    7. ? 7.07.1 Carruthers. S. P. (Editor) Alternative Enterprises for Agriculture in the UK. Centre for Agricultural Strategy, Univ. of Reading ISBN 0704909820 (1986-00-00)
    8. ? Bell. L. A. Plant Fibres for Papermaking. Liliaceae Press (1988-00-00)
    9. ? Hill. A. F. Economic Botany. The Maple Press (1952-00-00)
    10. ? Brouk. B. Plants Consumed by Man. Academic Press ISBN 0-12-136450-x (1975-00-00)

    Facts about "Triticum turgidum dicoccon"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyGramineae +
    Belongs to genusTriticum +
    Has binomial nameTriticum turgidum dicoccon +
    Has common nameEmmer +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partSeed +
    Has edible useUnknown use +
    Has fertility typeWind +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has lifecycle typeAnnual +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useBiomass +, Mulch +, Paper +, Starch + and Thatching +
    Has search nametriticum turgidum dicoccon + and emmer +
    Has shade toleranceNo shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameTriticum turgidum dicoccon +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Triticum turgidum dicoccon +, Triticum turgidum dicoccon +, Triticum turgidum dicoccon +, Triticum turgidum dicoccon +, Triticum turgidum dicoccon + and Triticum turgidum dicoccon +