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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Seed - cooked. The seed can be cooked as a whole grain but it is more usually ground into a powder and used as a flour for making bread, fermented foods, pasta, cakes, biscuits etc[1][2][3][4][5]. High in gluten, it is the most common flour used for making bread. The seed can also be sprouted and then added to salads or juiced to make a healthy drink[5]. A nutritional analysis is available[6].

Material uses

The straw has many uses, as a biomass for fuel etc, for thatching, as a mulch in the garden etc[2][7][8][9].

A fibre obtained from the stems is used for making paper[10]. The stems are harvested in late summer after the seed has been harvested, they are cut into usable pieces and soaked in clear water for 24 hours. They are then cooked for 2 hours in lye or soda ash and then beaten in a ball mill for 1½ hours in a ball mill. The fibres make a green-tan paper[10].

The starch from the seed is used for laundering, sizing textiles etc[11][12].

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The young stems are used in the treatment of biliousness and intoxication[6]. The ash is used to remove skin blemishes[6].

The fruit is antipyretic and sedative[6]. The light grain is antihydrotic[13]. It is used in the treatment of night sweats and spontaneous sweating[13]. The seed is said to contain sex hormones and has been used in China to promote female fertility[6]. The seed sprouts are antibilious, antivinous and constructive[6]. They are used in the treatment of malaise, sore throat, thirst, abdominal coldness and spasmic pain, constipation and cough[13].

The plant has anticancer properties[6].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow early spring or autumn in situ and only just cover the seed. Germination should take place within a few days[K].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Triticum aestivum. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

An easily grown plant, it prefers a sunny position in a rich well-drained soil.

Wheat is widely cultivated in most parts of the world, but less so in Asia, for its edible seed[2]. There are many named varieties[5]. This is a hexaploid species.

Grows well with maize and with camomile in small quantities[14]. Dislikes dogwood, cherry, tulips, pine and poppies[14].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Triticum aestivum. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Triticum aestivum.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Triticum aestivum
Genus
Triticum
Family
Gramineae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
?
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
?
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Wheat field.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Wheat field.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Wheat field.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


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References

  1. ? 1.01.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.4 Triska. Dr. Hamlyn Encyclopaedia of Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-33545-3 (1975-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Harrison. S. Wallis. M. Masefield. G. The Oxford Book of Food Plants. Oxford University Press (1975-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Schery. R. W. Plants for Man. ()
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.46.56.66.76.8 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.1 Polunin. O. Flowers of Europe - A Field Guide. Oxford University Press ISBN 0192176218 (1969-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.1 Carruthers. S. P. (Editor) Alternative Enterprises for Agriculture in the UK. Centre for Agricultural Strategy, Univ. of Reading ISBN 0704909820 (1986-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.1 Hill. A. F. Economic Botany. The Maple Press (1952-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.110.2 Bell. L. A. Plant Fibres for Papermaking. Liliaceae Press (1988-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.113.213.3 Yeung. Him-Che. Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas. Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles (1985-00-00)
  14. ? 14.014.1 Philbrick H. and Gregg R. B. Companion Plants. Watkins (1979-00-00)
  15. ? Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)

"image:Wheat field.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Triticum aestivum"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyGramineae +
Belongs to genusTriticum +
Has binomial nameTriticum aestivum +
Has common nameBread Wheat +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partSeed +
Has edible useUnknown use +
Has environmental toleranceHigh wind +
Has fertility typeWind +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has imageWheat field.jpg +
Has lifecycle typeAnnual +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useBiomass +, Mulch +, Paper +, Size +, Starch + and Thatching +
Has mature height1.5 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAntibilious +, Antihydrotic +, Antipyretic +, Antivinous +, Sedative +, Skin + and Stomachic +
Has primary imageWheat field.jpg +
Has search nametriticum aestivum + and bread wheat +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameTriticum aestivum +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
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