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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Leaves - raw or cooked. The young unfolding leaves are an excellent addition to the salad bowl, tasting somewhat like sunflower seeds[1]. The leaves can also be cooked as a potherb[1].

Leaves

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Trillium sessile.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

A poultice of the bruised leaves and crushed roots has been applied as a treatment for boils[2]. A decoction of the plant has been used to treat any kind of sickness[2].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown in a shaded cold frame as soon as it is ripe[3][4]. Stored seed should be sown in late winter or early spring. Seed usually germinates within 1 - 3 months at 15°c. Another report says that seeds produce a root after the first cold stratification but no shoot is produced until after a second winter[5], whilst yet another report says that the seed can take 3 years to germinate[6]. The seedlings are prone to damp off and must therefore be watered with care and given plenty of fresh air[5]. The young plants need to be overwintered in a cold frame for the first year and can then be planted out in late spring. It is very important that the pots become neither too dry nor too wet[5]. Division with care when the plants die down after flowering[4]. Larger divisions can be planted out direct into their permanent positions. We have found that it is best to pot up smaller divisions and grow them on in light shade in a greenhouse or cold frame until they are growing away well. Plant them out in the following spring.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Trillium sessile. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a deep well-drained woodland or humus-rich soil in a somewhat shady position that remains moist in the summer[7][8]. Prefers a neutral to slightly acid soil[4]. Grows well in open woodland[7]. Succeeds in deep shade[9]. Succeeds in a sunny position if the soil does not dry out[8].

Any transplanting is best done whilst the plants are in flower[4]. Plants can flower in two years from seed[5]. The flowers have a scent similar to a butcher's shop[10]. Another report says that they are sweetly scented[11]. Some named varieties have been selected for their ornamental value[4].

Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer or rabbits[12], though slugs are very fond of the leaves[6].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Trillium sessile. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Trillium sessile.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Trillium sessile
Genus
Trillium
Family
Trilliaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
4
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
permanent shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Trillium sessile.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Trillium sessile.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Trillium sessile.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Trillium sessile.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.2 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
    3. ? Rice. G. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 2. Thompson and Morgan. (1988-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.5 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 Bird. R. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 3. Thompson and Morgan. (1989-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Grey. C. H. Hardy Bulbs. Williams & Norgate. (1938-00-00)
    9. ? Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-00-00)
    10. ? Coffey. T. The History and Folklore of North American Wild Flowers. Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-2624-6 (1993-00-00)
    11. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
    12. ? Thomas. G. S. Perennial Garden Plants J. M. Dent & Sons, London. ISBN 0 460 86048 8 (1990-00-00)

    "image:Trillium sessile.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.