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Uses

Toxic parts

The raw seed contains toxins but that these are destroyed in the cooking process[1][2].

Edible uses

Notes

Seed - cooked. A crunchy texture with a bland flavour[2]. Rich in starch, the raw seed contains a deleterious principle that is destroyed by cooking[1]. The cooked seed can be dried and ground into a powder[1].

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Trapa bicornis.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The flowers are astringent in fluxes[3].

The fruit is used in the treatment of fever and sunstroke[3].

The plant is anticancer, antipyretic and tonic[3].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - harvest in late summer and store overwinter in a jar of water in a cold but frost-free place. The seed quickly loses its vitality if it is allowed to become dry. Sow in spring, placing one seed in each pot and submerging them under a few centimetres of water.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Trapa bicornis. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

An aquatic plant, floating by means of inflated petioles, it succeeds in still or slowly-flowing water requiring a position in full sun and a slightly acidic water with a rich planting medium[1].

Plants require a high summer temperature in order to perform well, they are not frost hardy[2]. Some botanists regard this species as no more than a part of the one highly polymorphic species T. natans[1].

This species was used for food in Neolithic Britain[1].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Trapa bicornis. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Trapa bicornis.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Trapa bicornis
Genus
Trapa
Family
Trapaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
aquatic
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    x meters
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.41.51.61.7 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.3 Larkcom J. Oriental Vegetables John Murray ISBN 0-7195-4781-4 (1991-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.23.3 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)

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