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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Root - raw or cooked[1][2][3][4][5]. The roots have a sweet flavour due to their inulin content[6]. The young roots can be eaten raw whilst older roots are best cooked like parsnips or salsify[2]. They are often blanched before use[7].

Young leaves and shoots - raw or cooked[1][8][3][4][9][7]. They can be added to mixed salads or used in soups etc[6][2]. The leaves are best used as they come into growth in the spring[2].

The flowering stem, including the buds, is cooked and served like asparagus[7].

Leaves

Material uses

An infusion of the petals is used to clear the skin and lighten freckles[6]. A distilled water made from the plant is used in cleansing lotions for dry skins[6].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Goat's beard is considered to be a useful remedy for the liver and gallbladder[10]. It appears to have a detoxifying effect and may stimulate the appetite and digestion. Its high inulin content makes this herb a useful food for diabetics since inulin is a nutrient made of fructose rather than glucose units and therefore does not raise blood sugar levels[10].

The root is astringent, depurative, diuretic, expectorant, nutritive and stomachic[6][11]. A syrup made from the root gives great relief in cases of obstinate coughs and bronchitis[6]. A decoction of the root is given in the treatment of heartburn, loss of appetite and disorders of the breast or liver[12]. The root is harvested in the autumn and dried for later use[6].

The fresh juice of young plants is said to be a good dissolver of bile, relieving the stomach without side effects[13].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in situ. Make sure to water the seed in if the weather is dry.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Tragopogon pratensis. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in ordinary garden soils, including heavy clays[14].

Goat's beard was formerly cultivated as a vegetable, though it has now fallen into disuse[1][13]. Grows well in the summer meadow[15].

The flowers open at daybreak and close before noon[13].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Tragopogon pratensis. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Tragopogon pratensis.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Tragopogon pratensis
Genus
Tragopogon
Family
Compositae
Imported References
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
3
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
?
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Illustration Tragopogon pratensis0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Illustration Tragopogon pratensis0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Illustration Tragopogon pratensis0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Illustration Tragopogon pratensis0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.3 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.4 Launert. E. Edible and Medicinal Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-37216-2 (1981-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.2 Loewenfeld. C. and Back. P. Britain's Wild Larder. David and Charles ISBN 0-7153-7971-2 ()
  4. ? 4.04.14.2 Larkcom. J. Salads all the Year Round. Hamlyn (1980-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Polunin. O. Flowers of Europe - A Field Guide. Oxford University Press ISBN 0192176218 (1969-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.46.56.66.76.86.9 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (1984-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.3 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.1 Mabey. R. Food for Free. Collins ISBN 0-00-219060-5 (1974-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.1 Elias. T. and Dykeman. P. A Field Guide to N. American Edible Wild Plants. Van Nostrand Reinhold ISBN 0442222009 (1982-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.110.2 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (1996-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.1 Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books ISBN 0-553-23827-2 (1983-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.1 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.113.213.3 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
  14. ? 14.014.1 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  15. ? Baines. C. Making a Wildlife Garden. ()
  16. ? Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)

"image:Illustration Tragopogon pratensis0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Tragopogon pratensis"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyCompositae +
Belongs to genusTragopogon +
Has binomial nameTragopogon pratensis +
Has common nameGoat's Beard +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partLeaves +, Root + and Stem +
Has edible useUnknown use +
Has environmental toleranceHigh wind +
Has fertility typeSelf fertile +, Bees +, Flies + and Self +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has hardiness zone3 +
Has imageIllustration Tragopogon pratensis0.jpg +
Has lifecycle typeAnnual + and Perennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useCosmetic +
Has mature height0.6 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAstringent +, Depurative +, Diuretic +, Expectorant + and Stomachic +
Has primary imageIllustration Tragopogon pratensis0.jpg +
Has search nametragopogon pratensis + and goat's beard +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy +, Clay + and Heavy clay +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameTragopogon pratensis +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
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