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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

The dried flowers are used as a flavouring in cooking certain pastries[1][2]. The plant is used in cooking to impart a deliciously aromatic bitter taste to certain foods[3]. A tea is made from the dried flowers[2].

Unknown part

Material uses

The dried flower buds are a source of an insecticide. They are said to have the same properties as pyrethrum (obtained mainly from T. cinerariifolia)[4][5][6]. Steep 1 cupful of the dried flowers in one litre of hot soapy water for an hour. Strain, then allow to cool slightly before use[6]. An essential oil from the plant is used in perfumery[3].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Feverfew has gained a good reputation as a medicinal herb and extensive research since 1970 has proved it to be of special benefit in the treatment of certain types of migraine headaches and rheumatism[238, K]. It is also thought of as a herb for treating arthritis and rheumatism[7].

The leaves and flowering heads are anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, aperient, bitter, carminative, emmenagogue, sedative, stimulant, stings, stomachic, vasodilator and vermifuge[8][3][9][10][11][12][5][13]. The plant is gathered as it comes into flower and can be dried for later use[3]. Use with caution[13], the fresh leaves can cause dermatitis and mouth ulcers if consumed[14]. This remedy should not be prescribed for pregnant women[14]. A tea made from the whole plant is used in the treatment of arthritis, colds, fevers etc. It is said to be sedative and to regulate menses[15][14]. An infusion is used to bathe swollen feet[16]. Applied externally as a tincture, the plant is used in the treatment of bruises etc[3].

Chewing 1 - 4 leaves per day has proven to be effective in the treatment of some migraine headaches[15].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse. Only just cover the seed and do not allow the pot to dry out. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in early summer, after the last expected frosts.

If you have sufficient seed it can be sown outdoors in situ during the spring. Plants usually self-sow freely and so, once you have the plant, further sowing is usually unnecessary[K].

Division in spring. Since the plants are quite short-lived, this method is not really very serviceable[K].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Tanacetum parthenium. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

A very easily grown plant, it succeeds in an ordinary garden soil[17]. Thrives in any kind of soil[3], plants can even be grown in walls[18].

Often grown in the flower garden, feverfew is a short lived perennial but usually self-sows prolifically[7, K]. There are many named varieties selected for their ornamental value[14]. The cultivar 'Golden' (syn 'Yellow') has yellow tinted leaves[2].

The leaves have a refreshing aromatic aroma[19].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Tanacetum parthenium. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Tanacetum parthenium.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Tanacetum parthenium
Genus
Tanacetum
Family
Compositae
Imported References
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
?
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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References

  1. ? 1.01.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.3 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.43.53.63.73.8 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (1984-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 Polunin. O. Flowers of Europe - A Field Guide. Oxford University Press ISBN 0192176218 (1969-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.2 Allardice.P. A - Z of Companion Planting. Cassell Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-304-34324-2 (1993-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.1 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (1996-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.1 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.1 Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books ISBN 0-553-23827-2 (1983-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.1 The Herb Society Herbal Review. Vol.11. 3. The Herb Society ISBN 0264-9853 (1986-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.1 De. Bray. L. The Wild Garden. ()
  13. ? 13.013.113.2 Mills. S. Y. The Dictionary of Modern Herbalism. ()
  14. ? 14.014.114.214.314.4 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
  15. ? 15.015.115.2 Foster. S. & Duke. J. A. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Eastern and Central N. America. Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN 0395467225 (1990-00-00)
  16. ? 16.016.1 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
  17. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  18. ? Grey-Wilson. C. & Matthews. V. Gardening on Walls Collins ISBN 0-00-219220-0 (1983-00-00)
  19. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
  20. ? Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)

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Facts about "Tanacetum parthenium"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyCompositae +
Belongs to genusTanacetum +
Has common nameFeverfew +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partUnknown part +
Has edible useSeasoning + and Tea +
Has environmental toleranceHigh wind +
Has fertility typeSelf fertile +, Bee +, Flies + and Self +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has hardiness zone6 +
Has imageTanacetum parthenium - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-036.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useEssential + and Repellent +
Has mature height0.6 +
Has mature width0.3 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAntiecchymotic +, Antiinflammatory +, Antispasmodic +, Aperient +, Bitter +, Carminative +, Emmenagogue +, Sedative +, Stimulant +, Stings +, Stomachic +, Vasodilator + and Vermifuge +
Has primary imageTanacetum_parthenium_-_Köhler–s_Medizinal-Pflanzen-036.jpg +
Has search nametanacetum parthenium + and x +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil teclayture preferenceClay +
Has soil teloamyture preferenceLoamy +
Has soil tesandyture preferenceSandy +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomy nameTanacetum parthenium +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +