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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

A manna is produced by the plants in response to insect damage to the stems[1][2]. It is sweet and mucilaginous[2]. There is some confusion over whether the manna is produced by the plant, or whether it is an exudation from the insects[3]. The insects in question live in the deserts around Israel, it is not known if the manna can be produced in Britain[K].

Sap

Material uses

Very tolerant of maritime exposure, it makes a good shelter hedge in coastal gardens[4][5][6][7]. It dislikes being trimmed[7]. The plant has a rather open habit, however, and so is not tremendously effective at reducing wind speeds[K].

The extensive root system of this plant makes it suitable for use in erosion control in sandy soils[8]. The plant contains a high level of tannin[4]. Galls produced on the plant as a result of insect damage contain up to 40% tannin[9]. The tannin can be used as a dyestuff for fabrics[4]. (No details are given about the colour, though it is likely to be some shade of brown.)

Wood - fairly hard, not strong, close grained, takes a high polish, it is often twisted or knotty[10][8][11]. Used for general construction, poles, turnery[10][8]. It makes a good fuel, burning well even when green due to the wax content of the wood[12].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The branchlets and the leaves are astringent and diuretic[4]. An external compress is applied to wounds to stop the bleeding[4].

The manna produced on the plant is detergent, expectorant and laxative[9].

Galls produced on the plant as a result of insect damage are astringent[9]. They are used in the treatment of diarrhoea and dysentery[9].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Hedge


Earth stabiliser

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a cold frame and only just cover the seed. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.

Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame. Very easy[13].

Cuttings of mature wood of the current seasons growth, 15 - 25cm long, planted outdoors in late autumn in a nursery bed or straight into their permanent position. High percentage[5][13].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Tamarix gallica. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

An easily grown plant, succeeding in most soils and tolerant of saline conditions[5]. Grows well in heavy clay soils as well as in sands and even shingle[14]. Usually found near the coast, it succeeds inland if given a fairly good deep loam and a sunny position[5][13]. Tolerant of maritime winds and dry soils when grown near the coast[5], plants require a moister soil and shelter from cold drying winds when they are grown inland in non-saline soils because they use the soil salts that are found in saline soils to help them reduce transpiration[13].

This species flowers on the current year's growth[11]. Any pruning is best carried out in spring, hedges are also best trimmed at this time[15]. Plants are tolerant of severe pruning, sprouting freely from old wood[K]. The very closely related T. anglica is often included in this species. A good bee plant[12].

This species is notably resistant to honey fungus[16][13].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Tamarix gallica. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Tamarix gallica.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Tamarix gallica
Genus
Tamarix
Family
Tamaricaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Salinity
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
4 x 6 meters
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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References

  1. ? 1.01.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.2 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.54.6 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (1984-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.45.55.6 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.1 Arnold-Forster. Shrubs for the Milder Counties. ()
  7. ? 7.07.17.2 Rosewarne experimental horticultural station. Shelter Trees and Hedges. Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (1984-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.28.3 Vines. R. A. Trees of Central Texas. University of Texas Press ISBN 0-292-78958-3 (1987-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.29.39.49.5 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.110.2 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.111.2 Vines. R.A. Trees of North Texas University of Texas Press. ISBN 0292780206 (1982-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.112.2 Komarov. V. L. Flora of the USSR. Israel Program for Scientific Translation (1968-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.113.213.313.413.5 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  14. ? Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)
  15. ? Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-00-00)
  16. ? RHS. The Garden. Volume 112. Royal Horticultural Society (1987-00-00)

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Facts about "Tamarix gallica"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyTamaricaceae +
Belongs to genusTamarix +
Functions asHedge + and Earth stabiliser +
Has binomial nameTamarix gallica +
Has common nameManna Plant +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partSap +
Has edible useManna +
Has environmental toleranceMaritime exposure +, High wind + and Salinity +
Has fertility typeBees +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has growth rateModerate +
Has hardiness zone5 +
Has imageTamarix gallica - Villa Taranto (Verbania) - DSC03778.JPG +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useDye +, Fuel +, Tannin + and Wood +
Has mature height4 +
Has mature width6 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAstringent +, Detergent +, Diuretic +, Expectorant + and Laxative +
Has primary imageTamarix gallica - Villa Taranto (Verbania) - DSC03778.JPG +
Has salinity toleranceTolerant +
Has search nametamarix gallica + and manna plant +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral +, Alkaline + and Very alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy +, Clay + and Heavy clay +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameTamarix gallica +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates maritime exposureYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Tamarix gallica +, Tamarix gallica +, Tamarix gallica +, Tamarix gallica +, Tamarix gallica +, Tamarix gallica +, Tamarix gallica +, Tamarix gallica +, Tamarix gallica + and Tamarix gallica +