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Uses

Edible uses

There are no edible uses listed for Spartium junceum.

Material uses

Stem

Unknown part

Flower

Branch

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The young herbaceous tips of flowering shoots are harvested in spring, generally in May[8]. They can be used fresh or dried and are cardiotonic, cathartic, diuretic, emetic and purgative[8][1][4]. The seeds can also be used[8]. The plant is an efficacious and potent diuretic[1]. This plant is 5 - 6 times more active than the medicinally similar Cytisus scoparius and should be used with caution since large doses are likely to upset the stomach and cause purging[8].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nitrogen fixer

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - pre-soak 24 hours in hot water and sow February/March in a greenhouse. It usually germinates well and quickly[9][10]. The seed can also be autumn sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[10]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. If sufficient growth is made, it is possible to plant out in the summer, otherwise overwinter them in a cold frame and plant out in late spring of the following year.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Spartium junceum. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in any well-drained but not too fertile soil in a sunny position[10]. Prefers a lime free soil according to one report[11] whilst another says that it thrives on alkaline and poor sandy soils[10]. Very wind resistant, tolerating maritime exposure[12][10]. Tolerates atmospheric pollution[10] and thrives on hot dry banks[13][12]. A very ornamental plant, it is hardy to between -10 and -18°c when in a suitable position[10]. The flowers have a fragrance that has been likened to oranges[14]. Plants can become leggy if grown in a sheltered position or too rich a soil[10], but they can be pruned almost to the ground and will resprout from the base[K]. They can also be trimmed in early spring in order to keep them more compact[15]. Plants are intolerant of root disturbance, they are best grown in pots and planted out into their permanent positions whilst still small[13]. Plants often self-sow in Britain[11]. Rabbits love eating this plant when it is young[1, K]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[10].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Spartium junceum. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Spartium junceum.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Spartium junceum
Genus
Spartium
Family
Leguminosae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
8
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
3.5 x 3
Fertility
?
Pollinators
?
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Spartium junceum.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Spartium junceum.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Spartium junceum.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Spartium junceum.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.41.5 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (32202/01/01)
  2. ? 2.02.12.2 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (32202/01/01)
  3. ? 3.03.13.2 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (32202/01/01)
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.4 Polunin. O. and Huxley. A. Flowers of the Mediterranean. Hogarth Press ISBN 0-7012-0784-1 (32202/01/01)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Natural Food Institute, Wonder Crops. 1987. ()
  6. ? 6.06.1 Niebuhr. A. D. Herbs of Greece. Herb Society of America. (32202/01/01)
  7. ? 7.07.1 Buchanan. R. A Weavers Garden. ()
  8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.48.5 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (32202/01/01)
  9. ? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (32202/01/01)
  10. ? 10.010.110.210.310.410.510.610.710.810.9 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (32202/01/01)
  11. ? 11.011.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (32202/01/01)
  12. ? 12.012.1 Taylor. J. The Milder Garden. Dent (32202/01/01)
  13. ? 13.013.113.213.3 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (32202/01/01)
  14. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (32202/01/01)
  15. ? Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (32202/01/01)
  16. ? Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (32202/01/01)

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Facts about "Spartium junceum"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyLeguminosae +
Belongs to genusSpartium +
Functions asNitrogen fixer +
Has binomial nameSpartium junceum +
Has common nameSpanish Broom +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has environmental toleranceMaritime exposure +, High wind + and Drought +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has growth rateVigorous +
Has hardiness zone8 +
Has imageSpartium junceum.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partStem +, Unknown part +, Flower + and Branch +
Has material useBasketry +, Besom +, Dye +, Essential +, Oil + and Thatching +
Has mature height3.5 +
Has mature width3 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useDiuretic +, Emetic + and Purgative +
Has primary imageSpartium junceum.jpg +
Has search namespartium junceum + and spanish broom +
Has seed requiring scarificationNo +
Has seed requiring stratificationNo +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameSpartium junceum +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedYes +
PFAF edible use notes migratedYes +
PFAF material use notes migratedYes +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedYes +
PFAF propagation notes migratedYes +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates air pollutionNo +
Tolerates maritime exposureYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Spartium junceum +, Spartium junceum +, Spartium junceum +, Spartium junceum +, Spartium junceum +, Spartium junceum +, Spartium junceum + and Spartium junceum +