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Uses

Toxic parts

The seeds probably contain hydrogen cyanide. This is the ingredient that gives almonds their characteristic flavour. Unless the seed is very bitter it should be perfectly safe in reasonable quantities. In small quantities, hydrogen cyanide has been shown to stimulate respiration and improve digestion, it is also claimed to be of benefit in the treatment of cancer. In excess, however, it can cause respiratory failure and even death.

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw or cooked in pies, preserves etc[1][2][3][4]. Of poor quality[5]. The fruit turns sweeter and so tastes best after a frost[6]. The fruit is produced in clusters, each fruit being about 6 - 12mm in diameter[7].

Fruit

Material uses

This species is capable of growing in exposed conditions in poor soils[7], and so could be used in re-afforestation as a pioneer plant to provide suitable conditions for other woodland trees to be established[K]. It is rather slow-growing, however, and would only be used in situations where faster species were not so suitable[K].

The berries have been rubbed onto the scalp in order to get rid of lice[8].

Wood - moderately light with little strength, it is of no commercial value[7].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

An infusion of the branches has been given to young children with bed-wetting problems[8].

An infusion of the root and branch bark has been drunk in the treatment of stomach problems and rheumatism[8]. The infusion can also be used externally as a bath for treating rheumatism[8]. A decoction of the root and branch bark has been used as an eyewash[8]. The bark has been chewed in the treatment of colds[8].

An infusion of the branches has been used in the treatment of weak kidneys in order to stop the frequent urination[8].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Pioneer

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[9][10]. If you have sufficient seed it can be sown in an outdoor seedbed[9][10]. Stored seed germinates better if given 2 weeks warm then 14 - 16 weeks cold stratification[11], so sow it as early in the year as possible. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Seedlings are very slow to put on top-growth for their first year or two[12], but they are busy building up a good root system. It is best to keep them in pots in a cold frame for their first winter and then plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Sorbus sitchensis. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in most reasonably good soils in an open sunny position[12]. Dislikes dry soils[13]. Tolerates light shade[13], though it fruits better in a sunny position[K]. This species is able to succeed in poor soils and to become established on exposed broken ground[7], it is thus suitable for use as a pioneer species in re-establishing woodland[K].

A slow-growing shrub in the wild, it can sometimes become a small tree up to 9 metres tall[7]. It usually produces abundant crops of fruit every year[7].

Plants are susceptible to fireblight[13].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Sorbus sitchensis. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Sorbus sitchensis.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Sorbus sitchensis
Genus
Sorbus
Family
Rosaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Sorbus sitchensis 7147.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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References

  1. ? 1.01.1 Elias. T. and Dykeman. P. A Field Guide to N. American Edible Wild Plants. Van Nostrand Reinhold ISBN 0442222009 (1982-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Yanovsky. E. Food Plants of the N. American Indians. Publication no. 237. U.S. Depf of Agriculture. ()
  4. ? 4.04.1 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Turner. N. J. Food Plants of Coastal First Peoples UBC Press. Vancouver. ISBN 0-7748-0533-1 (1995-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.1 Turner. N. J. and Szczawinski. A. Edible Wild Fruits and Nuts of Canada. National Museum of Natural Sciences (1978-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.47.57.67.7 Elias. T. The Complete Trees of N. America. Field Guide and Natural History. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. ISBN 0442238622 (1980-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.48.58.68.78.8 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.1 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.1 McMillan-Browse. P. Hardy Woody Plants from Seed. Grower Books ISBN 0-901361-21-6 (1985-00-00)
  11. ? Gordon. A. G. and Rowe. D. C. f. Seed Manual for Ornamental Trees and Shrubs. ()
  12. ? 12.012.112.2 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.113.2 Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-00-00)
  14. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PFAFimport-60
  15. ? Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)

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Facts about "Sorbus sitchensis"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyRosaceae +
Belongs to genusSorbus +
Functions asPioneer +
Has binomial nameSorbus sitchensis +
Has common nameSitka Mountain Ash +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partFruit +
Has edible useUnknown use +
Has environmental toleranceHigh wind +
Has fertility typeInsects +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has growth rateSlow +
Has hardiness zone5 +
Has imageSorbus sitchensis 7147.JPG +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useParasiticide + and Wood +
Has mature height1.8 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAntirheumatic +, Enuresis +, Kidney + and Stomachic +
Has primary imageSorbus sitchensis 7147.JPG +
Has search namesorbus sitchensis + and sitka mountain ash +
Has shade toleranceLight shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameSorbus sitchensis +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Sorbus sitchensis +, Sorbus sitchensis +, Sorbus sitchensis +, Sorbus sitchensis +, Sorbus sitchensis +, Sorbus sitchensis + and Sorbus sitchensis +