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Uses

Toxic parts

The seeds probably contain hydrogen cyanide. This is the ingredient that gives almonds their characteristic flavour. Unless the seed is very bitter it should be perfectly safe in reasonable quantities. In small quantities, hydrogen cyanide has been shown to stimulate respiration and improve digestion, it is also claimed to be of benefit in the treatment of cancer. In excess, however, it can cause respiratory failure and even death.

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw or cooked and used in preserves etc. The fruit is usually bletted if it is going to be eaten raw[1][2][3][4][5][6]. This involves storing the fruit in a cool dry place until it is almost but not quite going rotten. At this stage the fruit has a delicious taste, somewhat like a luscious tropical fruit[K]. Fruit from some trees has a pleasant mild flavour and a mealy texture, we like eating small quantities of it. The fruit can also be dried and ground into a powder and mixed with cereals such as wheat[1][7][8]. The fruit is about 10 - 12mm across[9].

Fruit

Material uses

Very tolerant of exposed maritime conditions, it makes a good windbreak tree near the coast[10][9].

A useful pioneer species, especially on chalky soils and in windy situations[186, K].

Wood - hard, heavy, close grained. Used for beams etc[11][5].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Both the flowers and the fruit are mildly diuretic, laxative and emmenagogue[12]. An infusion is used in the treatment of painful menstruation, constipation and kidney disorders[12].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Canopy

Ecological Functions

Pioneer


Windbreak

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[13][14]. If you have sufficient seed it can be sown in an outdoor seedbed[13][14]. Stored seed germinates better if given 2 weeks warm then 14 - 16 weeks cold stratification[15], so sow it as early in the year as possible. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Seedlings are very slow to put on top-growth for their first year or two[11], but they are busy building up a good root system. It is best to keep them in pots in a cold frame for their first winter and then plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Sorbus aria. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in most reasonably good soils in an open sunny position[11]. Tolerates acid sands and thin chalky soils[15][9]. Does well on heavy clays[9]. Tolerates light shade[16], though it fruits better in a sunny position[K]. Very tolerant of atmospheric pollution and of exposed maritime positions[17].

The whitebeam is one of the first colonizers of chalk scrub[17]. As well as being a good pioneer species for this situation, it will often survive through the development to woodland[17]. There are several named varieties selected for their ornamental value[16]. Trees cast a fairly dense shade when mature[17]. Regenerating well after cutting, it is suitable for coppicing[17]. The fruit is very attractive to birds[11].

Plants are susceptible to fireblight[16].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Sorbus aria. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Sorbus aria.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Sorbus aria
Genus
Sorbus
Family
Rosaceae
Imported References
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
12 x 8 meters
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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References

  1. ? 1.01.11.2 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Simmons. A. E. Growing Unusual Fruit. David and Charles ISBN 0-7153-5531-7 (1972-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Mabey. R. Food for Free. Collins ISBN 0-00-219060-5 (1974-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 Johnson. C. P. The Useful Plants of Great Britain. ()
  6. ? 6.06.1 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.1 Freethy. R. From Agar to Zenery. The Crowood Press ISBN 0-946284-51-2 (1985-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.29.39.49.59.6 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.1 Rosewarne experimental horticultural station. Shelter Trees and Hedges. Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (1984-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.111.211.311.411.5 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.112.2 Launert. E. Edible and Medicinal Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-37216-2 (1981-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.1 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  14. ? 14.014.1 McMillan-Browse. P. Hardy Woody Plants from Seed. Grower Books ISBN 0-901361-21-6 (1985-00-00)
  15. ? 15.015.1 Gordon. A. G. and Rowe. D. C. f. Seed Manual for Ornamental Trees and Shrubs. ()
  16. ? 16.016.116.2 Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-00-00)
  17. ? 17.017.117.217.317.4 Beckett. G. and K. Planting Native Trees and Shrubs. Jarrold (1979-00-00)
  18. ? Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)

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Facts about "Sorbus aria"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyRosaceae +
Belongs to genusSorbus +
Functions asPioneer + and Windbreak +
Has common nameWhitebeam +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partFruit +
Has edible useUnknown use +
Has environmental toleranceMaritime exposure + and High wind +
Has fertility typeInsects +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has hardiness zone5 +
Has imageSorbus aria-3420.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useWood +
Has mature height12 +
Has mature width8 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useDiuretic +, Emmenagogue + and Laxative +
Has primary imageSorbus aria-3420.jpg +
Has search namesorbus aria + and x +
Has shade toleranceLight shade +
Has soil ph preferenceVery acid +, Acid +, Neutral +, Alkaline + and Very alkaline +
Has soil teclayture preferenceClay +
Has soil teheavy clayture preferenceHeavy clay +
Has soil teloamyture preferenceLoamy +
Has soil tesandyture preferenceSandy +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomy nameSorbus aria +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Inhabits ecosystem nicheCanopy +
Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
Tolerates maritime exposureYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +