Uses

Toxic parts

The plant contains cytisine, which resembles nicotine and is similarly toxic[14]. This remedy should not be prescribed for pregnant women[14].

Edible uses

Flowers

Cooked as a Tea, Eat

Leaves

Cooked as an Eat, Tea

Seed

Material uses

Seeds, Flowers

Dye

Stem

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

This species is commonly used in Chinese medicine and is considered to be one of the 50 fundamental herbs[3]. This remedy should not be prescribed for pregnant women[14].

Whole, Seedpods

Seed

Stems

Cooked as a Skin

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Canopy

Ecological Functions

Nitrogen fixer

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse[16]. Pre-soak stored seed for 12 hours in hot (not boiling) water and sow in late winter in a greenhouse[17]. Prick out the seedlings as soon as they are large enough to handle into individual pots in the greenhouse, and grow them on for 2 years under protected conditions. Plant them out into their permanent positions in early summer of their third year.

Cuttings of young shoots with a heel, July/August in a frame[11].

Air-layering[16].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Sophora japonica. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in a well-drained moderately fertile soil in full sun[16]. Tolerates poor soils, atmospheric pollution, heat and, once established, drought[16].

Hardy to about -25° when mature, but it can be damaged by severe frosts when it is young[16]. A very ornamental[18] and fast growing tree[16], it grows best in hot summers[19]. It grows best in the warmer areas of the country where the wood will be more readily ripened and better able to withstand winter cold[20]. Trees take 30 years to come into flower from seed.[16], but they do not often ripen their seed in Britain[11]. Cultivated in China for the rutin contained in its leaves and ovaries[3]. Plants should be container-grown and planted out whilst young, older plants do not transplant well[20]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[16].

This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[16].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Sophora japonica. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Sophora japonica.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Sophora japonica
Genus
Sophora
Family
Leguminosae
Imported References
Edible uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
20 x 20
Fertility
?
Pollinators
?
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type











References

  1. ? 1.01.11.2 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (32202/01/01)
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.42.5 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (32202/01/01)
  3. ? 3.003.013.023.033.043.053.063.073.083.093.103.113.123.133.143.153.163.173.183.193.203.21 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (32202/01/01)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Reid. B. E. Famine Foods of the Chiu-Huang Pen-ts'ao. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre (32202/01/01)
  5. ? 5.005.015.025.035.045.055.065.075.085.095.105.115.125.135.14 Kariyone. T. Atlas of Medicinal Plants. ()
  6. ? 6.06.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (32202/01/01)
  7. ? 7.07.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (32202/01/01)
  8. ? 8.08.18.28.3 Wilson. E. H. Plantae Wilsonae. ()
  9. ? 9.009.019.029.039.049.059.069.079.089.099.109.119.12 Stuart. Rev. G. A. Chinese Materia Medica. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre ()
  10. ? 10.010.1 Wilson. E. H. and Trollope. M. N. Corean Flora. Royal Asiatic Society (32202/01/01)
  11. ? 11.0011.0111.0211.0311.0411.0511.0611.0711.0811.0911.1011.1111.1211.13 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (32202/01/01)
  12. ? 12.0012.0112.0212.0312.0412.0512.0612.0712.0812.0912.10 ? A Barefoot Doctors Manual. Running Press ISBN 0-914294-92-X ()
  13. ? 13.013.113.213.313.413.513.6 Yeung. Him-Che. Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas. Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles (32202/01/01)
  14. ? 14.0014.0114.0214.0314.0414.0514.0614.0714.0814.0914.1014.1114.12 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (32202/01/01)
  15. ? 15.015.115.215.315.415.515.6 Medicinal Plants in the Republic of Korea World Health Organisation, Manila ISBN 92 9061 120 0 (32202/01/01)
  16. ? 16.016.116.216.316.416.516.616.716.816.9 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (32202/01/01)
  17. ? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (32202/01/01)
  18. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (32202/01/01)
  19. ? Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (32202/01/01)
  20. ? 20.020.1 Grey-Wilson. C. & Matthews. V. Gardening on Walls Collins ISBN 0-00-219220-0 (32202/01/01)




Facts about "Sophora japonica"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyLeguminosae +
Belongs to genusSophora +
Functions asNitrogen fixer +
Has common nameJapanese Pagoda Tree +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has edible partFlowers +, Leaves + and Unknown part +
Has edible useUnknown use +, Rutin + and Tea +
Has environmental toleranceDrought +
Has fertility typeInsects +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has growth rateVigorous +
Has hardiness zone5 +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useDye + and Wood +
Has mature height20 +
Has mature width20 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAbortifacient +, Antibacterial +, Anticholesterolemic +, Antiinflammatory +, Antispasmodic +, Diuretic +, Emetic +, Emollient +, Febrifuge +, Hypotensive +, Purgative +, Skin +, Styptic + and Tonic +
Has search namesophora japonica + and x +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil teclayture preferenceClay +
Has soil teloamyture preferenceLoamy +
Has soil tesandyture preferenceSandy +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomy nameSophora japonica +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Inhabits ecosystem nicheCanopy +
Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +