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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Young leaves - raw or cooked[1][2][3][4]. A slightly bitter taste, they can be added to salads or cooked like spinach[5][6]. The leaves are rich in mineral salts and vitamin C[5], they contain about 47mg of vitamin C per 100g and 2% protein (dry weight)[7]. It might be best, though it is not necessary, to remove the marginal prickles[5].

Stems - cooked like asparagus or rhubarb[8]. Young root - cooked[8].

The roasted root is used as a coffee substitute[9][6].

Unknown part

Leaves

Material uses

The plant is said to have insecticidal properties[10].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The leaves are used as a poultice and are said to have anti-inflammatory activity[1][11]. An infusion of the leaves has been used in the treatment of caked breasts[12].

A tea made from the roots is used in the treatment of asthma, coughs and other chest complaints[11].

A tea made from the leaves is said to calm the nerves[11].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in situ. A common garden weed, this species should not normally need any assistance.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Sonchus arvensis. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

A common garden weed, see notes on its habitat if you want to encourage it.

This species has been cultivated for its edible leaves by the Maoris of New Zealand, in Indonesia there are improved varieties selected for their edible leaves[13][6].

A good companion for onions, tomatoes, corn as well as the cucumber and squash family[14].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Sonchus arvensis. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Sonchus arvensis.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Sonchus arvensis
Genus
Sonchus
Family
Compositae
Imported References
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
?
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Salinity
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
?
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Illustration Sonchus arvensis0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Illustration Sonchus arvensis0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Illustration Sonchus arvensis0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


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"image:Illustration Sonchus arvensis0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Illustration Sonchus arvensis0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.3 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Mabey. R. Food for Free. Collins ISBN 0-00-219060-5 (1974-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Larkcom. J. Salads all the Year Round. Hamlyn (1980-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Hatfield. A. W. How to Enjoy your Weeds. Frederick Muller Ltd ISBN 0-584-10141-4 (1977-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 Launert. E. Edible and Medicinal Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-37216-2 (1981-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.3 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.1 Crowe. A. Native Edible Plants of New Zealand. Hodder and Stoughton ISBN 0-340-508302 (1990-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.2 Loewenfeld. C. and Back. P. Britain's Wild Larder. David and Charles ISBN 0-7153-7971-2 ()
  9. ? 9.09.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.1 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.111.211.3 Foster. S. & Duke. J. A. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Eastern and Central N. America. Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN 0395467225 (1990-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.1 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
  13. ? Brooker. S. G., Cambie. R. C. and Cooper. R. C. Economic Native Plants of New Zealand. Oxford University Press ISBN 0-19-558229-2 (1991-00-00)
  14. ? Riotte. L. Companion Planting for Successful Gardening. Garden Way, Vermont, USA. ISBN 0-88266-064-0 (1978-00-00)
  15. ? Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)

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Facts about "Sonchus arvensis"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyCompositae +
Belongs to genusSonchus +
Has binomial nameSonchus arvensis +
Has common nameField Milk Thistle +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partUnknown part +, Leaves +, Root + and Stem +
Has edible useCoffee + and Unknown use +
Has environmental toleranceSalinity +
Has fertility typeSelf fertile +, Bees +, Flies +, Lepidoptera +, Beetles + and Self +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has imageIllustration Sonchus arvensis0.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useInsecticide +
Has mature height1.2 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAntiinflammatory +, Pectoral + and Sedative +
Has primary imageIllustration Sonchus arvensis0.jpg +
Has salinity toleranceTolerant +
Has search namesonchus arvensis + and field milk thistle +
Has shade toleranceLight shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameSonchus arvensis +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Sonchus arvensis +, Sonchus arvensis +, Sonchus arvensis +, Sonchus arvensis +, Sonchus arvensis +, Sonchus arvensis +, Sonchus arvensis + and Sonchus arvensis +